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The Greatest Works of Art of Western Civilization
Thomas Hoving's personal choice of the
Greatest Works of Art of Western Civilization
A note about navigation: all external links open in a new window, and
many of these spawn a second window if you click to enlarge an item.

The Nineteenth Century

Title of Work
    Date    Medium
Antonio CanovaPauline Borghese as Venus
Galleria Borghese, Rome
Details of the head as seen from the left side and the right side

GoyaBuy The Third of May, 1808 at AllPostersThe Third of May, 1808
Prado Museum, Madrid

John ConstableBuy Wivenhoe Park, Essex at AllPostersWivenhoe Park, Essex
National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
Detail images...

Caspar FriedrichBuy Wanderer in the Mists at AllPostersThe Wanderer in the Mists
Kunsthalle, Hamburg

Eugene DelacroixThe Death of Sardanapalus
Musée du Louvre, Paris
A good detail image and a couple of sketches for the painting...

J.M.W. TurnerRain, Steam, and Speed
National Gallery, London

Gustave CourbetThe Sleepers
Musée du Petit Palais, Paris

Paul CezanneThe Black Clock
Private Collection

Thomas EakinsThe Gross Clinic
Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia

RenoirBuy Luncheon of the Boating Party at AllPostersLuncheon of the Boating Party
Phillips Collection, Washington D.C.

Edouard ManetBuy A Bar at the Folies-Bergere at AllPostersA Bar at the Folies-Bergère
Courtauld Institute Galleries, London

Georges SeuratBuy Sunday on the Island of La Grande Jatte at AllPostersSunday on the Island of La Grande Jatte
Art Institute of Chicago

van GoghBuy The Starry Night at AllPostersThe Starry Night
Museum of Modern Art, New York

Edvard MunchBuy The Scream at AllPostersThe Scream
Munch Museum, Oslo

Paul GauguinWhence Come We? What Are We? Whither Go We?
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

Auguste RodinThe Gates of Hell
Rodin Museum, Paris
Many detail images of the Musée d'Orsay's plaster model for the work have been put online by William Allen at Arkansas State University and by Jeffery Howe at Boston College. (N.B. The Gates of Hell was not cast into bronze until after Rodin's death.)


Jump to:
• Ancient Art Through the Classical Era
• The Middle Ages and the Early Renaissance
• The High Renaissance and the Late Renaissance
• The Baroque and Rococo Eras
• The Nineteenth Century
• The Twentieth Century