Artists by Movement:

Europe, 1908-1920

Cubism was developed between about 1908 and 1912 in a collaboration between Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso. Their main influences are said to have been Tribal Art (although Braque later disputed this) and the work of Paul Cezanne. The movement itself was not long-lived or widespread, but it began an immense creative explosion which resonated through all of 20th century art.

The key concept underlying Cubism is that the essence of an object can only be captured by showing it from multiple points of view simultaneously.

Cubism had run its course by the end of World War I, but among the movements directly influenced by it were Orphism, Precisionism, Futurism, Purism, Constructivism, and, to some degree, Expressionism.

Chronological Listing of Cubists
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Lyonel Feininger 1871-1956 American/German PainterBarfusserkirche, 1924
Art Prints
Jacques Villon 1875-1963 French PainterFiac '79
Art Prints
Raymond Duchamp-Villon 1876-1918 French SculptorThe Horse
Art Prints
Kasimir Malevich 1878-1935 Ukrainian PainterThree Figures, 1913-28
Art Prints
Maria Blanchard 1881-1932 Spanish PainterThe King Of The Street Peddlers, C. 1924
Art Prints
Patrick Henry Bruce 1881-1936 American PainterNature Morte
Art Prints
Albert Gleizes 1881-1953 French Painter 
Natalia Goncharova 1881-1962 Russian PainterPoster for a Russian Bookshop
Art Prints
Fernand Leger 1881-1955 French PainterLes Belles Cyclistes, ca.1944
Art Prints
Mikhail Larionov 1881-1964 Russian PainterRayonist Landscape
Art Prints
Henri Le Fauconnier 1881-1946 French Painter 
Pablo Picasso 1881-1973 Spanish Painter/SculptorThe Old Guitarist
Art Prints
Georges Braque 1882-1963 French PainterGueridon, 1913
Art Prints
Louis Marcoussis 1883-1941 Polish/French Painter 
Jean Metzinger 1883-1956 French Painter 
Gino Severini 1883-1966 Italian PainterStill Life with a White Dish, 1916
Art Prints
Robert Delaunay 1885-1941 French PainterRobert Delaunay: Rhythm, Joie de Vivre
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Roger de la Fresnaye 1885-1925 French PainterThe Seated Man, or The Architect
Art Prints
Henri Laurens 1885-1954 French Sculptor 
Andre Lhote 1885-1962 French Painter/Sculptor 
Alexander Archipenko 1887-1964 Ukrainian Sculptor 
Juan Gris 1887-1927 Spanish Painter/SculptorPortrait of Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) 1912
Art Prints
Henri Gaudier-Brzeska 1891-1915 French SculptorPortrait of Horace Brodsky
Art Prints
Jacques Lipchitz 1891-1973 Lithuanian/French Sculptor 



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