Artcyclopedia

Artists by Movement:
Expressionism

Centered in Germany, C.1905 to 1940's


Expressionism is a style in which the intention is not to reproduce a subject accurately, but instead to portray it in such a way as to express the inner state of the artist. The movement is especially associated with Germany, and was influenced by such emotionally-charged styles as Symbolism, Fauvism, and Cubism.

There are several different and somewhat overlapping groups of Expressionist artists, including Der Blaue Reiter ("The Blue Rider"), Die Brücke ("The Bridge"), Die Neue Sachlichkeit ("The New Objectivity") and the Bauhaus School.

Leading Expressionists included Wassily Kandinsky, Franz Marc, George Grosz and Amadeo Modigliani.

In the mid-20th century, Abstract Expressionism (in which there is no subject at all, but instead pure abstract form) developed into an extremely influential style in the United States.
        

 
 
Chronological Listing of Expressionists
 
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James Ensor 1860-1949 Belgian Painter
 
Emile Antoine Bourdelle 1861-1929 French Sculptor
 
Edvard Munch 1863-1944 Norwegian Painter
 
Franz von Stuck 1863-1928 German Painter/Sculptor
 
Alexei Jawlensky 1864-1941 Russian/German Painter
 
Wassily Kandinsky 1866-1944 Russian/French Painter
 
Kathe Kollwitz 1867-1945 German Printmaker/Sculptor
 
Emil Nolde 1867-1956 German Painter
 
Ernst Barlach 1870-1938 German Sculptor
 
Emily Carr 1871-1945 Canadian Painter
 
Lyonel Feininger 1871-1956 American/German Painter
 
Georges Rouault 1871-1958 French Painter
 
Alfred Kubin 1877-1959 Czech Illustrator
 
Gabriele Munter 1877-1962 German Painter
 
Paul Klee 1879-1940 Swiss Painter
 
Jacob Epstein 1880-1959 American/British Sculptor
 
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner 1880-1938 German Painter/Sculptor
 
Franz Marc 1880-1916 German Painter
Franz Marc: Die Fuchse (The Fox)
Art Prints from Allposters.com
Max Pechstein 1881-1955 German Painter
 
Max Weber 1881-1961 Polish/American Painter
 
Richard Gerstl 1883-1908 Austrian Painter
The Schonberg Family
Art Prints from Allposters.com
Erich Heckel 1883-1970 German Painter
 
Ivan Mestrovic 1883-1962 Croatian/American Sculptor
 
Max Beckmann 1884-1950 German Painter
 
Ludwig Meidner 1884-1966 German Painter
 
Amedeo Modigliani 1884-1920 Italian Painter/Sculptor
Girl with Pigtails
Art Prints from Allposters.com
Karl Schmidt-Rottluff 1884-1976 German Painter
 
Jules Pascin 1885-1930 Bulgarian/French Painter
 
Oskar Kokoschka 1886-1980 Austrian Painter
 
Jose Gutierrez Solana 1886-1945 Spanish Painter
 
August Macke 1887-1914 German Painter
August Macke: Promenade, 1913
Art Prints from Allposters.com
Heinrich Campendonk 1889-1957 German Painter
 
Georg Schrimpf 1889-1938 German Painter
 
Egon Schiele 1890-1918 Austrian Painter
The Artists' Sister, Melanie, 1908
Art Prints from Allposters.com
Otto Dix 1891-1969 German Painter
 
George Grosz 1893-1959 German Painter
 
Chaim Soutine 1893-1943 Lithuanian/French Painter
 
Gert Wollheim 1894-1974 German/American Painter
 
Josef Fenneker 1895-1956 Illustrator
 
Abraham Rattner 1895-1978 American Painter
 
Conrad Felixmuller 1897-1977 German Printmaker
 
Carlos Orozco Romero 1898-1984 Mexican Painter
 
Marino Marini 1901-1980 Italian Sculptor
 
Francis Bacon 1909-1992 Irish/British Painter
 
Renato Guttuso 1912-1987 Italian Painter
 
Gershon Iskowitz 1921-1988 Polish/Canadian Painter
 
Svend Wiig Hansen 1922-1997 Danish Painter
 
Bob Thompson 1937-1966 African-American Painter
 
Per Kirkeby Born 1938 Danish Painter
 

 
 
 




 
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