Artcyclopedia

Artists by Movement:
Expressionism

Centered in Germany, C.1905 to 1940's


Expressionism is a style in which the intention is not to reproduce a subject accurately, but instead to portray it in such a way as to express the inner state of the artist. The movement is especially associated with Germany, and was influenced by such emotionally-charged styles as Symbolism, Fauvism, and Cubism.

There are several different and somewhat overlapping groups of Expressionist artists, including Der Blaue Reiter ("The Blue Rider"), Die Brücke ("The Bridge"), Die Neue Sachlichkeit ("The New Objectivity") and the Bauhaus School.

Leading Expressionists included Wassily Kandinsky, Franz Marc, George Grosz and Amadeo Modigliani.

In the mid-20th century, Abstract Expressionism (in which there is no subject at all, but instead pure abstract form) developed into an extremely influential style in the United States.
        

 
 
Chronological Listing of Expressionists
 
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James Ensor 1860-1949 Belgian PainterStrange Mask
Art Prints
Emile Antoine Bourdelle 1861-1929 French SculptorPortrait Bust of Ludwig Van Beethoven
Art Prints
Edvard Munch 1863-1944 Norwegian PainterEdvard Munch: The Scream
Art Prints
Franz von Stuck 1863-1928 German Painter/SculptorPallas Athena, 1898
Art Prints
Alexei Jawlensky 1864-1941 Russian/German PainterAlexei Jawlensky: Woman with a Fan
Art Prints
Wassily Kandinsky 1866-1944 Russian/French PainterFarbstudie Quadrate, ca.1913
Art Prints
Kathe Kollwitz 1867-1945 German Printmaker/Sculptor 
Emil Nolde 1867-1956 German Painter 
Ernst Barlach 1870-1938 German Sculptor 
Emily Carr 1871-1945 Canadian PainterEmily Carr: Indian Church
Art Prints
Lyonel Feininger 1871-1956 American/German PainterBarfusserkirche, 1924
Art Prints
Georges Rouault 1871-1958 French PainterGeorges Rouault: Old King
Art Prints
Alfred Kubin 1877-1959 Czech IllustratorCastle Saalhof Im Pinzgau
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Gabriele Munter 1877-1962 German PainterThe Train in the Horizon
Art Prints
Paul Klee 1879-1940 Swiss PainterPrimary Route and Bypasses
Art Prints
Jacob Epstein 1880-1959 American/British SculptorJacob Epstein in His Studio
Art Prints
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner 1880-1938 German Painter/SculptorView of Davos
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Franz Marc 1880-1916 German PainterFranz Marc: Die Fuchse (The Fox)
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Max Pechstein 1881-1955 German PainterMax Pechstein: Circus
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Max Weber 1881-1961 Polish/American Painter 
Richard Gerstl 1883-1908 Austrian PainterThe Schonberg Family
Art Prints
Erich Heckel 1883-1970 German PainterIn the Wind, c.1912
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Ivan Mestrovic 1883-1962 Croatian/American Sculptor 
Max Beckmann 1884-1950 German PainterMax Beckmann: Actresses
Art Prints
Ludwig Meidner 1884-1966 German Painter 
Amedeo Modigliani 1884-1920 Italian Painter/SculptorGirl with Pigtails
Art Prints
Karl Schmidt-Rottluff 1884-1976 German PainterKarl Schmidt-Rottluff: Springtime
Art Prints
Jules Pascin 1885-1930 Bulgarian/French PainterWoman With A Hat
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Oskar Kokoschka 1886-1980 Austrian PainterOskar Kokoschka: Montana Landscape
Art Prints
Jose Gutierrez Solana 1886-1945 Spanish PainterThe Showcases
Art Prints
August Macke 1887-1914 German PainterAugust Macke: Promenade, 1913
Art Prints
Heinrich Campendonk 1889-1957 German Painter 
Georg Schrimpf 1889-1938 German Painter 
Egon Schiele 1890-1918 Austrian PainterThe Artists' Sister, Melanie, 1908
Art Prints
Otto Dix 1891-1969 German PainterCock and Hens
Art Prints
George Grosz 1893-1959 German PainterEclipse of the Sun
Art Prints
Chaim Soutine 1893-1943 Lithuanian/French Painter 
Gert Wollheim 1894-1974 German/American Painter 
Josef Fenneker 1895-1956 IllustratorDer Teufel Und Die Circe
Art Prints
Abraham Rattner 1895-1978 American Painter 
Conrad Felixmuller 1897-1977 German Printmaker 
Carlos Orozco Romero 1898-1984 Mexican Painter 
Marino Marini 1901-1980 Italian SculptorChevaux et cavaliers V, 1972
Art Prints
Francis Bacon 1909-1992 Irish/British PainterFrancis Bacon: Etude pour Corrida
Art Prints
Renato Guttuso 1912-1987 Italian Painter 
Gershon Iskowitz 1921-1988 Polish/Canadian Painter 
Svend Wiig Hansen 1922-1997 Danish Painter 
Bob Thompson 1937-1966 African-American Painter 
Per Kirkeby Born 1938 Danish PainterFlight to Egypt, c.1996
Art Prints

 
 
 




 
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