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Centered in Germany, C.1905 to 1940's

Expressionism is a style in which the intention is not to reproduce a subject accurately, but instead to portray it in such a way as to express the inner state of the artist. The movement is especially associated with Germany, and was influenced by such emotionally-charged styles as Symbolism, Fauvism, and Cubism.

There are several different and somewhat overlapping groups of Expressionist artists, including Der Blaue Reiter ("The Blue Rider"), Die Brücke ("The Bridge"), Die Neue Sachlichkeit ("The New Objectivity") and the Bauhaus School.

Leading Expressionists included Wassily Kandinsky, Franz Marc, George Grosz and Amadeo Modigliani.

In the mid-20th century, Abstract Expressionism (in which there is no subject at all, but instead pure abstract form) developed into an extremely influential style in the United States.

Chronological Listing of Expressionists
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James Ensor 1860-1949 Belgian Painter
Emile Antoine Bourdelle 1861-1929 French Sculptor
Edvard Munch 1863-1944 Norwegian Painter
Franz von Stuck 1863-1928 German Painter/Sculptor
Alexei Jawlensky 1864-1941 Russian/German Painter
Wassily Kandinsky 1866-1944 Russian/French Painter
Kathe Kollwitz 1867-1945 German Printmaker/Sculptor
Emil Nolde 1867-1956 German Painter
Ernst Barlach 1870-1938 German Sculptor
Emily Carr 1871-1945 Canadian Painter
Lyonel Feininger 1871-1956 American/German Painter
Georges Rouault 1871-1958 French Painter
Alfred Kubin 1877-1959 Czech Illustrator
Gabriele Munter 1877-1962 German Painter
Paul Klee 1879-1940 Swiss Painter
Jacob Epstein 1880-1959 American/British Sculptor
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner 1880-1938 German Painter/Sculptor
Franz Marc 1880-1916 German Painter
Max Pechstein 1881-1955 German Painter
Max Weber 1881-1961 German/American Painter
Richard Gerstl 1883-1908 Austrian Painter
Erich Heckel 1883-1970 German Painter
Ivan Mestrovic 1883-1962 Croatian/American Sculptor
Max Beckmann 1884-1950 German Painter
Ludwig Meidner 1884-1966 German Painter
Amedeo Modigliani 1884-1920 Italian Painter/Sculptor
Karl Schmidt-Rottluff 1884-1976 German Painter
Jules Pascin 1885-1930 Bulgarian/French Painter
Oskar Kokoschka 1886-1980 Austrian Painter
Jose Gutierrez Solana 1886-1945 Spanish Painter
August Macke 1887-1914 German Painter
Heinrich Campendonk 1889-1957 German Painter
Georg Schrimpf 1889-1938 German Painter
Egon Schiele 1890-1918 Austrian Painter
Otto Dix 1891-1969 German Painter
George Grosz 1893-1959 German Painter
Chaim Soutine 1893-1943 Lithuanian/French Painter
Gert Wollheim 1894-1974 German/American Painter
Josef Fenneker 1895-1956 Illustrator
Abraham Rattner 1895-1978 American Painter
Conrad Felixmuller 1897-1977 German Printmaker
Carlos Orozco Romero 1898-1984 Mexican Painter
Marino Marini 1901-1980 Italian Sculptor
Francis Bacon 1909-1992 Irish/British Painter
Renato Guttuso 1912-1987 Italian Painter
Gershon Iskowitz 1921-1988 Polish/Canadian Painter
Svend Wiig Hansen 1922-1997 Danish Painter
Bob Thompson 1937-1966 African-American Painter
Per Kirkeby Born 1938 Danish Painter



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