Artcyclopedia

Artists by Movement:
The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood

Britain, 1848 to Late 19th Century


The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was created in 1848 by seven artists: Dante Gabriel Rossetti, William Michael Rossetti, James Collinson, John Everett Millais, Frederic George Stephens, Thomas Woolner and William Holman Hunt. Their goal was to develop a naturalistic style of art, throwing away the rules and conventions that were drilled into students' heads at the Academies. Raphael was the artist they considered to have achieved the highest degree of perfection, so much so that students were encouraged to draw from his examples rather than from nature itself; thus they became the "Pre-Raphaelites".

The group popularized a theatrically romantic style, marked by great beauty, an intricate realism, and a fondness for Arthurian and Greek legend.

The movement itself did not last past the 1850s, but the style remained popular for decades, influencing the Arts and Crafts Movement, the Symbolist painters, and even the Classicists.
        

 
 
Chronological Listing of Pre-Raphaelites
 
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William Bell Scott 1811-1890 Scottish Painter
Industry of the Tyne: Iron and Coal, 1861
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William Davis 1812-1873 British Painter
Prize Bull
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George Frederic Watts 1817-1904 English Painter/Sculptor
The Bowman Portrait of Alfred, Lord Tennyson
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Ford Madox Brown 1821-1893 English Painter
The Last of England
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Thomas Seddon 1821-1856 English Painter
 
James Smetham 1821-1889 English Painter/Writer
Saul Hiding Among the Stuff, 1866
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Sophie Anderson 1823-1903 French Painter
Sophie Anderson: Love in a Mist
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Daniel Alexander Williamson 1823-1903 British Painter
General George Ernest Boulanger
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James Collinson 1825-1881 English Painter
 
Alexander Munro 1825-1871 English Sculptor
 
Thomas Woolner 1825-1892 English Sculptor
 
Robert Braithwaite Martineau 1826-1869 English Painter
The Christmas Hamper
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William Holman Hunt 1827-1910 English Painter
Finding Jesus in the Temple - Detail
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James Campbell 1828-1893 British Painter
The Solicitor's Office, 1857
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Charles Allston Collins 1828-1873 British Painter
 
Dante Gabriel Rossetti 1828-1882 English Painter
Rossetti: Helen of Troy
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Frederic George Stephens 1828-1907 English Painter
 
John Everett Millais 1829-1896 English Painter
John Everett Millais: Ophelia
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Frederick Sandys 1829-1904 English Painter
Alcestis: A Portrait Of Lady Donaldson, 1877
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Elizabeth Eleanor Siddal 1829-1862 English Painter
 
John Roddam Spencer Stanhope 1829-1908 English Painter
Love and the Maiden
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Henry Wallis 1830-1916 English Painter
The Death of Chatterton
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Joanna Boyce 1831-1861 English Painter
 
John Brett 1831-1902 English Painter
Glorious Sunset
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Arthur Hughes 1832-1915 English Painter
Arthur Hughes: Ophelia
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Edward Burne-Jones 1833-1898 British Painter
Garden of the Hesperides
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William Morris 1834-1896 English Writer/Designer
Design for Avon Chintz
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Emily Mary Osborn 1834-1893 English Painter
For the Last Time, 1864
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Valentine Cameron Prinsep 1838-1904 Indian/British Painter
The Taj Mahal, 1879
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Henry Holiday 1839-1927 British Painter/Stained Glass Artist
Music
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Simeon Solomon 1840-1905 English Painter
Mercury
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Thomas Matthews Rooke 1842-1942 English Painter
 
Lucy Madox Brown 1843-1894 English Painter
The Tempest
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Anna Lea Merritt 1844-1930 American Painter
 
Marie Spartali Stillman 1844-1927 English Painter
La Pensierosa, 1879
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Annie Louise Swynnerton 1844-1933 English Painter
 
Edward Frederick Brewtnall 1846-1902 English Painter
Edward Frederick Brewtnall: The Honeymooners
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Charles Fairfax Murray 1849-1919 English Painter
 
John Melhuish Strudwick 1849-1935 British Painter
St. Cecilia
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John William Waterhouse 1849-1917 English Painter
La Belle Dame Sans Merci
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John Lee 1850-1870 British Painter
The Bookstall On Church Street, Liverpool
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Edward Robert Hughes 1851-1917 English Painter
Edward Robert Hughes: Midsummer Eve
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Edmund Blair-Leighton 1853-1922 English Painter
God Speed
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Sir Frank Dicksee 1853-1928 English Painter
Sir Frank Dicksee: La Belle Dame Sans Merci
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Thomas Cooper Gotch 1854-1931 English Painter
The Orchard
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Evelyn de Morgan 1855-1919 English Painter
Portrait Of Margaret Rawlins, 1883
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Kate Elizabeth Bunce 1856-1927 English Painter
A Knight
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Arthur Hacker 1858-1919 English Painter
Arthur Hacker: Girl in a Punt
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Henry Maynell Rheam 1859-1920 British Painter
The Fairy Wood
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Sidney Meteyard 1868-1947 English Painter
 
Eleanor Fortescue-Brickdale 1871-1945 English Painter
When Conspirators Seek to Murder James I of Scotland
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John Byam Shaw 1872-1919 Indian/British Painter
Queen Mary and Princess Elizabeth entering London
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Frank Cowper 1877-1958 English Painter
Frank Cowper: Venetian Ladies Listening
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