Artists by Movement:
The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood

Britain, 1848 to Late 19th Century

The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was created in 1848 by seven artists: Dante Gabriel Rossetti, William Michael Rossetti, James Collinson, John Everett Millais, Frederic George Stephens, Thomas Woolner and William Holman Hunt. Their goal was to develop a naturalistic style of art, throwing away the rules and conventions that were drilled into students' heads at the Academies. Raphael was the artist they considered to have achieved the highest degree of perfection, so much so that students were encouraged to draw from his examples rather than from nature itself; thus they became the "Pre-Raphaelites".

The group popularized a theatrically romantic style, marked by great beauty, an intricate realism, and a fondness for Arthurian and Greek legend.

The movement itself did not last past the 1850s, but the style remained popular for decades, influencing the Arts and Crafts Movement, the Symbolist painters, and even the Classicists.

Chronological Listing of Pre-Raphaelites
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William Bell Scott 1811-1890 Scottish Painter
William Davis 1812-1873 British Painter
George Frederic Watts 1817-1904 English Painter/Sculptor
Ford Madox Brown 1821-1893 English Painter
Thomas Seddon 1821-1856 English Painter
James Smetham 1821-1889 English Painter/Writer
Sophie Anderson 1823-1903 French Painter
Daniel Alexander Williamson 1823-1903 British Painter
James Collinson 1825-1881 English Painter
Alexander Munro 1825-1871 English Sculptor
Thomas Woolner 1825-1892 English Sculptor
Robert Braithwaite Martineau 1826-1869 English Painter
William Holman Hunt 1827-1910 English Painter
James Campbell 1828-1893 British Painter
Charles Allston Collins 1828-1873 British Painter
Dante Gabriel Rossetti 1828-1882 English Painter
Frederic George Stephens 1828-1907 English Painter
John Everett Millais 1829-1896 English Painter
Frederick Sandys 1829-1904 English Painter
Elizabeth Eleanor Siddal 1829-1862 English Painter
John Roddam Spencer Stanhope 1829-1908 English Painter
Henry Wallis 1830-1916 English Painter
Joanna Boyce 1831-1861 English Painter
John Brett 1831-1902 English Painter
Arthur Hughes 1832-1915 English Painter
Edward Burne-Jones 1833-1898 British Painter
William Morris 1834-1896 English Writer/Designer
Emily Mary Osborn 1834-1893 English Painter
Valentine Cameron Prinsep 1838-1904 Indian/British Painter
Henry Holiday 1839-1927 British Painter/Stained Glass Artist
Simeon Solomon 1840-1905 English Painter
Thomas Matthews Rooke 1842-1942 English Painter
Lucy Madox Brown 1843-1894 English Painter
Anna Lea Merritt 1844-1930 American Painter
Marie Spartali Stillman 1844-1927 English Painter
Annie Louise Swynnerton 1844-1933 English Painter
Edward Frederick Brewtnall 1846-1902 English Painter
Charles Fairfax Murray 1849-1919 English Painter
John Melhuish Strudwick 1849-1935 British Painter
John William Waterhouse 1849-1917 English Painter
John Lee 1850-1870 British Painter
Edward Robert Hughes 1851-1917 English Painter
Edmund Blair-Leighton 1853-1922 English Painter
Sir Frank Dicksee 1853-1928 English Painter
Thomas Cooper Gotch 1854-1931 English Painter
Evelyn de Morgan 1855-1919 English Painter
Kate Elizabeth Bunce 1856-1927 English Painter
Arthur Hacker 1858-1919 English Painter
Henry Maynell Rheam 1859-1920 British Painter
Sidney Meteyard 1868-1947 English Painter
Eleanor Fortescue-Brickdale 1871-1945 English Painter
John Byam Shaw 1872-1919 Indian/British Painter
Frank Cowper 1877-1958 English Painter



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