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Late 19th Century

Symbolism is a 19th-century movement in which art became infused with exaggerated sensitivity and a spooky mysticism. It was a continuation of the Romantic tradition, which included such artists as John Henry Fuseli and Caspar David Friedrich.

Anticipating Freud and Jung, the Symbolists mined mythology and dream imagery for a visual language of the soul. More a philosophical approach than an actual style of art, they influenced their contemporaries in the Art Nouveau movement and Les Nabis.

The leading Symbolists included Gustave Moreau, Puvis de Chavannes, and Odilon Redon.

The movement was also a major influence on some of the Expressionists, especially on the work of Franz von Stuck and Edvard Munch.

Chronological Listing of Symbolists
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George Frederic Watts 1817-1904 English Painter/Sculptor
Pierre Puvis de Chavannes 1824-1898 French Painter
Gustave Moreau 1826-1898 French Painter
Arnold Bocklin 1827-1901 Swiss Painter
Felicien Rops 1833-1898 Belgian Engraver
Elihu Vedder 1836-1923 American Painter
Hans Thoma 1839-1924 German Painter
Odilon Redon 1840-1916 French Painter
Xavier Mellery 1845-1921 Belgian Painter
Eugene Carriere 1849-1906 French Painter
Louis Welden Hawkins 1849-1910 French
Ernst Josephson 1851-1906 Swedish Painter
Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 Italian Painter
Alexandre Seon 1855-1917 French Painter
John White Alexander 1856-1915 American Painter
Leon Frederic 1856-1940 Belgian Painter
Mikhail Vrubel 1856-1910 Russian Painter
Max Klinger 1857-1920 German Painter/Sculptor
Alphonse Osbert 1857-1939 French Painter
Fernand Khnopff 1858-1921 Belgian Painter
Giovanni Segantini 1858-1899 Italian Painter
Jan Toorop 1858-1928 Dutch Painter
Leonardo Bistolfi 1859-1933 Italian Sculptor
Edmond-Francois Aman-Jean 1860-1935 French Painter
Maximilian Lenz 1860-1948 German Painter
Armand Point 1861-1932 French Painter
Arthur Bowen Davies 1862-1928 American Painter
Jeanne Jacquemin 1863-1938 French Painter
Edvard Munch 1863-1944 Norwegian Painter
Franz von Stuck 1863-1928 German Painter/Sculptor
John Duncan 1866-1945 Scottish Painter
George Minne 1866-1941 Belgian Sculptor
William Degouve de Nuncques 1867-1935 Belgian Painter
Jean Delville 1867-1953 Belgian Painter
Henry de Groux 1867-1930 Belgian Painter/Sculptor
Emile Bernard 1868-1941 French Painter
Konstantin Somov 1869-1939 Russian Painter
Aleksandr Benois 1870-1960 Russian Painter
Hugo Simberg 1873-1917 Finnish Painter
Carlos Schwabe 1877-1926 German/Swiss Painter
Gustave Adolphe Mossa 1883-1971 French
Cheryl Laemmle Born 1947 American Painter



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