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Artists by Movement:
Surrealism

Europe, 1924 to 1950's


Surrealism is a style in which fantastical visual imagery from the subconscious mind is used with no intention of making the work logically comprehensible. Founded by Andre Breton in 1924, it was a primarily European movement that attracted many members of the chaotic Dada movement. It was similar in some elements to the mystical 19th-century Symbolist movement, but was deeply influenced by the psychoanalytic work of Freud and Jung.

The Surrealist circle was made up of many of the great artists of the 20th century, including Max Ernst, Giorgio de Chirico, Jean Arp, Man Ray, Joan Miro, and Rene Magritte. Salvador Dali, probably the single best-known Surrealist artist, broke with the group due to his right-wing politics (during this period leftism was the fashion among Surrealists, and in fact in almost all intellectual circles).

The Magic Realists were American artists somewhat influenced by the Surrealists.
        

 
 
Chronological Listing of Surrealists
 
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Francis Picabia 1879-1953 French PainterLa Nuit Espangnole, ca.1922
Art Prints
Jean Arp 1886-1966 German/French Painter/SculptorConstellation, 1956
Art Prints
Marcel Duchamp 1887-1968 French/American Conceptual ArtistNude Descending a Staircase, No. 2, 1912
Art Prints
Giorgio de Chirico 1888-1978 Greek/Italian Painter/SculptorDeparture of the Argonauts
Art Prints
Paul Nash 1889-1946 English PainterMaking a New World, ca.1918
Art Prints
Man Ray 1890-1976 American Photographer/PainterMan Ray: La Voliere, 1919
Art Prints
Max Ernst 1891-1976 German/French PainterMax Ernst: Ursachen Der Sonne
Art Prints
Alberto Savinio 1891-1952 Greek/Italian Painter 
Joan Miro 1893-1983 Spanish Painter/SculptorJoan Miro: L'Oro Dell' Azzurro
Art Prints
Claude Cahun 1894-1954 French Photographer 
Andre Breton 1896-1966 French Writer/ArtistPhotograph of Andre Breton, 1930
Art Prints
Andre Masson 1896-1987 French PainterSoleil
Art Prints
Paul Delvaux 1897-1994 Belgian Painter 
Rene Magritte 1898-1967 Belgian PainterMagritte: Le tombeau des luteurs
Art Prints
Kay Sage 1898-1963 American PainterJ'Ai Vu Trois Cites, 1944
Art Prints
Pavel Tchelitchew 1898-1957 Russian PainterFour Russian Peasants with a Child
Art Prints
Eileen Agar 1899-1991 British Painter 
Yves Tanguy 1900-1955 French/American PainterToilette de l'Air, 1937
Art Prints
Alberto Giacometti 1901-1966 Swiss Painter/SculptorAlberto Giacometti: Dessins
Art Prints
Stanley William Hayter 1901-1988 British Painter 
Hans Bellmer 1902-1975 German/French 
Boris Margo 1902-1995 Ukrainian/American Painter/Printmaker 
Victor Brauner 1903-1966 Romanian Painter 
Salvador Dali 1904-1989 Spanish Painter 
Oscar Dominguez 1906-1957 Spanish Painter 
Remedios Varo 1908-1963 Spanish/Mexican Painter 
Enrico Donati 1909-2008 American Painter 
Wilhelm Freddie 1909-1995 Danish Painter/Sculptor 
Dorothea Tanning Born 1910 American Painter/Sculptor 
Roberto Matta 1912-2002 Chilean/French PainterComposition I
Art Prints
Meret Oppenheim 1913-1985 German/Swiss 
Sven Dalsgaard 1914-1999 Danish Painter 
James Gleeson Born 1915 Australian Painter 
Leonora Carrington Born 1917 British/Mexican Painter/Writer 
Arnulf Rainer Born 1929 Austrian PainterRoland Garros, 2008
Art Prints
Rodolfo Opazo Bernales Born 1935 Chilean Painter 

 
 
 




 
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