Artcyclopedia

Artists by Movement:
Surrealism

Europe, 1924 to 1950's


Surrealism is a style in which fantastical visual imagery from the subconscious mind is used with no intention of making the work logically comprehensible. Founded by Andre Breton in 1924, it was a primarily European movement that attracted many members of the chaotic Dada movement. It was similar in some elements to the mystical 19th-century Symbolist movement, but was deeply influenced by the psychoanalytic work of Freud and Jung.

The Surrealist circle was made up of many of the great artists of the 20th century, including Max Ernst, Giorgio de Chirico, Jean Arp, Man Ray, Joan Miro, and Rene Magritte. Salvador Dali, probably the single best-known Surrealist artist, broke with the group due to his right-wing politics (during this period leftism was the fashion among Surrealists, and in fact in almost all intellectual circles).

The Magic Realists were American artists somewhat influenced by the Surrealists.
        

 
 
Chronological Listing of Surrealists
 
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Francis Picabia 1879-1953 French Painter
 
Jean Arp 1886-1966 German/French Painter/Sculptor
 
Marcel Duchamp 1887-1968 French/American Conceptual Artist
 
Giorgio de Chirico 1888-1978 Greek/Italian Painter/Sculptor
 
Paul Nash 1889-1946 English Painter
Making a New World, ca.1918
Art Prints from Allposters.com
Man Ray 1890-1976 American Photographer/Painter
 
Max Ernst 1891-1976 German/French Painter
 
Alberto Savinio 1891-1952 Greek/Italian Painter
 
Joan Miro 1893-1983 Spanish Painter/Sculptor
 
Claude Cahun 1894-1954 French Photographer
 
Andre Breton 1896-1966 French Writer/Artist
Photograph of Andre Breton, 1930
Art Prints from Allposters.com
Andre Masson 1896-1987 French Painter
Soleil
Art Prints from Allposters.com
Paul Delvaux 1897-1994 Belgian Painter
 
Rene Magritte 1898-1967 Belgian Painter
 
Kay Sage 1898-1963 American Painter
J'Ai Vu Trois Cites, 1944
Art Prints from Allposters.com
Pavel Tchelitchew 1898-1957 Russian Painter
Four Russian Peasants with a Child
Art Prints from Allposters.com
Eileen Agar 1899-1991 British Painter
 
Yves Tanguy 1900-1955 French/American Painter
 
Alberto Giacometti 1901-1966 Swiss Painter/Sculptor
 
Stanley William Hayter 1901-1988 British Painter
 
Hans Bellmer 1902-1975 German/French
 
Boris Margo 1902-1995 Ukrainian/American Painter/Printmaker
 
Victor Brauner 1903-1966 Romanian Painter
 
Salvador Dali 1904-1989 Spanish Painter
 
Oscar Dominguez 1906-1957 Spanish Painter
 
Remedios Varo 1908-1963 Spanish/Mexican Painter
 
Enrico Donati 1909-2008 American Painter
 
Wilhelm Freddie 1909-1995 Danish Painter/Sculptor
 
Dorothea Tanning Born 1910 American Painter/Sculptor
 
Roberto Matta 1912-2002 Chilean/French Painter
 
Meret Oppenheim 1913-1985 German/Swiss
 
Sven Dalsgaard 1914-1999 Danish Painter
 
James Gleeson Born 1915 Australian Painter
 
Leonora Carrington Born 1917 British/Mexican Painter/Writer
 
Arnulf Rainer Born 1929 Austrian Painter
Roland Garros, 2008
Art Prints from Allposters.com
Rodolfo Opazo Bernales Born 1935 Chilean Painter
 

 
 
 




 
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