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Academic Art


 
Academic Art is the painting and sculpture produced under the influence of the Academies in Europe and especially France, where many artists received their formal training. It is characterized by its highly polished style, its use of mythological or historical subject matter, and its moralistic tone. Neoclassical Art was also closely associated with the Academies.

The term "Academic Art" is associated particularly with the French Academy and the 19th century salons at which art was submitted for display and prizes were awarded. Artists such as Jean-Leon Gerome and Bouguereau epitomize this style.
        

 
 
Chronological Listing of Academic Artists
 
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Gabriel-Francois Doyen 1726-1806 French PainterLouis XVI, King of France
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Martin Drolling 1752-1817 French PainterInterior of a Dining Room, 1816
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Jerome-Martin Langlois 1779-1838 French PainterThe Death of Marat, after J-L David
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Jean-Pierre Cortot 1787-1843 French Sculptor 
Victor Schnetz 1787-1870 French PainterProcession of Crusaders around Jerusalem
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Horace Vernet 1789-1863 French PainterPets
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Leon Cogniet 1794-1880 French PainterThe Garde Nationale de Paris Leaves to Join the Army
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Ary Scheffer 1795-1858 Dutch/French PainterFrederic Chopin
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Paul Delaroche 1797-1856 French PainterPaul Delaroche: The Young Martyr, 1855
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Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury 1797-1890 French PainterThe Assassination of Brion
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Friedrich von Amerling 1803-1887 Austrian PainterThe Drowsy One
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Adrien Dauzats 1804-1868 French PainterThe Palais de Justice
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Constantin Hansen 1804-1880 Danish PainterThe Artist's two youngest sisters
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Franz Xavier Winterhalter 1805-1873 German PainterPortrait of Napoleon III (1808-73) Emperor of France
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Charles Gleyre 1806-1874 Swiss PainterThe Departure of the Apostles, 1845
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Auguste Glaize 1807-1893 French Painter 
Eugene-Emmanuel Amaury-Duval 1808-1885 French PainterPortrait of Jeanne de Tourbay
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Victor Mottez 1809-1897 French PainterResurrection of the Dead
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Prosper Marilhat 1811-1847 French PainterThe Cedars of Lebanon
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Isidore Pils 1813-1875 French PainterThe Fall of the Vendome Column
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Charles Baugniet 1814-1886 Belgian PainterIndecision
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Hubertus van Hove 1814-1865 Dutch PainterA Dutch Interior, 1842
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Thomas Couture 1815-1879 French PainterThe Romans of the Decadence (detail)
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Charles Muller 1815-1892 French PainterThe Call for the Last Victims of the Terror
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Jean-Louis-Ernest Meissonier 1815-1891 French PainterAllegory of the Siege of Paris, 1870
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Dominique Louis Papety 1815-1849 French PainterGuillaume de Clermont defending Ptolemais (Acre) in 1291
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Charles Edward Boutibonne 1816-1897 French PainterShowing A Preference, 1874
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Ivan Aivazovsky 1817-1900 Russian/Armenian PainterChaos (The Creation), 1841
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Alexandre Antigna 1817-1878 French PainterThe Fire, 1850
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Ernest Hebert 1817-1908 French PainterL'Addolorata
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Theophile-Emmanuel Duverger 1821-1901 French PainterThe Final Warning, 1886
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Jean-Louis Hamon 1821-1874 French PainterThe Human Comedy
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Charles Landelle 1821-1908 French PainterPortrait of Alfred de Musset
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Evariste-Vital Luminais 1822-1896 French PainterLes Enerves De Jumieges
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Alexandre Cabanel 1823-1889 French PainterCleopatra Testing Poisons on the Condemned Prisoners
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Gustave Boulanger 1824-1888 French PainterPoetry
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Jean-Leon Gerome 1824-1904 French Painter/SculptorNight
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Adolphe William Bouguereau 1825-1905 French PainterMadonna of the Roses
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Charles Chaplin 1825-1891 French PainterYoung Girl with a Nest
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Ferdinand Heilbuth 1826-1889 French PainterThe Reader, 1856
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Emile Levy 1826-1890 French PainterThe Death of Orpheus, 1866
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Leon Belly 1827-1877 French PainterCaravan of Pilgrims Cross the Desert to Mecca
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Paul Baudry 1828-1886 French PainterToilette of Venus
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Gabriele Castagnola 1828-1883 Italian Painter 
Adolf Schreyer 1828-1899 German PainterA Regal Procession
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Jean-Jacques Henner 1829-1905 French PainterJean-Jacques Henner: Study of a Woman in Red
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Jean-Alexandre-Joseph Falguiere 1831-1900 French SculptorTarcisius, Christian Martyr, 1868
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Raffaele Giannetti 1832-1916 Italian Painter 
Leon Bonnat 1833-1922 French PainterThe Bandit's Wife, 1872
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Alphonse-Marie-Adolphe de Neuville 1835-1885 French PainterThe Gervais Battery at the Siege of Sebastopol
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Franz von Defregger 1835-1921 German PainterCountry Farmer With Pipe
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Jules-Joseph Lefebvre 1836-1911 French PainterEugene-Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte
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Pierre-Auguste Cot 1837-1883 French PainterPierre-Auguste Cot: The Storm
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Carolus-Duran 1838-1917 French PainterPortrait of Edouard Manet, circa 1880
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Marie-Francois Firmin-Girard 1838-1921 French PainterEn Vacance
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Jean-Paul Laurens 1838-1921 French PainterThe Last Moments of Maximilian, 1882
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Tony Robert-Fleury 1838-1912 French PainterPhilippe Pinel Releasing Lunatics from Their Chains
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Hans Makart 1840-1884 Austrian PainterThe Entrance of Emperor Charles V into Antwerp
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Emile Munier 1840-1895 French PainterPardon, Mama
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Jehan Georges Vibert 1840-1902 French Painter 
Charles Edouard Delort 1841-1895 French PainterThe Bargain, 1894
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Giovanni Boldini 1842-1931 Italian PainterGiovanni Boldini: Afternoon Stroll
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Alexej Harlamoff 1842-1922 Russian PainterThe Red Bonnet
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Eduardo Zamacois y Zabala 1842-1871 Spanish Painter 
Eugene de Blaas 1843-1931 Austrian PainterEugene de Blaas: Sweetest Rose
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Henri Regnault 1843-1871 French PainterHenri Regnault: Salome
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Henryk Siemiradzki 1843-1902 Polish PainterChopin Playing the Piano in Prince Radziwill's Salon, 1887
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Alfred Guillou 1844-1926 French PainterThe Arrival of the Procession of St. Anne
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Fernand Cormon 1845-1924 French PainterThe Battle of Essling, May 1809
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Marius-Jean-Antonin Mercie 1845-1916 French Sculptor/PainterGloria Victis, 1874
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Edouard Debat-Ponsan 1847-1913 French PainterThe Massage, 1883
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Victor-Gabriel Gilbert 1847-1933 French PainterVictor-Gabriel Gilbert: Flower Cart
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John Macallan Swan 1847-1910 British Painter/SculptorIndian Leopards
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Jean-Joseph Weerts 1847-1927 Belgian PainterThe Assassination of Marat, 1886
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Edouard Detaille 1848-1912 French PainterThe Dream, 1888
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Theobald Chartran 1849-1907 French PainterPortrait of Mounet-Sully
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Edwin Lord Weeks 1849-1903 American PainterThe Triumphal Procession
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James Carroll Beckwith 1852-1917 American Painter 
Henri Gervex 1852-1929 French PainterCommunion at the Church of the Trinity, 1877
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Antonio Mancini 1852-1930 Italian PainterA Portrait Of The Artist's Father
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Paul Jamin 1853-1903 French PainterSpoils of the Battle, c.1893
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Albert Edelfelt 1854-1905 Finnish PainterSummer Evening, Borga Harbour, 1889
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Ludwig Deutsch 1855-1935 Austrian/French PainterThe Answer, 1883
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Kenyon Cox 1856-1919 American Painter/MuralistKenyon Cox: Christ, 1905
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Francois Flameng 1856-1923 French PainterReception at Malmaison
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Jules Girardet 1856-1938 French PainterThe Rout of Cholet
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Gaetano Bellei 1857-1922 Italian Painter 
Anna Bilinska 1857-1893 Ukrainian Painter 
Delphin Enjolras 1857-1945 French PainterDelphin Enjorlas: Young Woman Reading by a Window
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Frederic Soulacroix 1858-1933 Italian Painter 
Hans Zatzka 1859-1949 Austrian Painter 
Paul Peel 1860-1892 Canadian PainterAfter the Bath, 1890
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Jules-Alexis Muenier 1863-1942 French PainterThe First Piano Lesson
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Pierre Bonnaud 1865-1930 French Painter 
Charles Spencelayh 1865-1928 English Painter 
Paul Chabas 1869-1937 French PainterSeptember Morn
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Charles Sims 1873-1928 English PainterCharles Sims: Signing of the Magna Carta, 1215
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