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Artists by Movement:
Neoclassical Art

Mid-18th Century to Early-19th Century


Neoclassical Art is a severe and unemotional form of art harkening back to the grandeur of ancient Greece and Rome. Its rigidity was a reaction to the overbred Rococo style and the emotional charged Baroque style. The rise of Neoclassical Art was part of a general revival of interest in classical thought, which was of some importance in the American and French revolutions.

Important Neoclassicists include the architects Robert Smirke and Robert Adam, the sculptors Antonio Canova,Jean-Antoine Houdon and Bertel Thorvaldsen, and painters J.A.D. Ingres, Jacques-Louis David and Anton Raphael Mengs.

Around 1800, Romanticism emerged as a reaction against Neoclassicism. It did not really replace the Neoclassical style so much as act as a counterbalancing influence, and many artists were influenced by both styles to a certain degree.
 
Neoclassical Art was also a primary influence on 19th-century Academic Art
        

 
 
Chronological Listing of Neoclassical Artists
 
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Jean-Francois de Troy 1679-1752 French Painter
The Ascension, 1721
Art Prints from Allposters.com
Giovanni Paolo Pannini 1691-1765 Italian Painter
Pannini: Vedute Di Roma Moderna
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Jean Restout 1692-1768 French Painter
Miracles of St. Paul at Ephesus, 1693
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Louis-Joseph Le Lorrain 1715-1759 French Painter
 
Joseph Marie Vien 1716-1809 French Painter
A Young Woman In Turkish Costume Playing With A Cage-Bird
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Giovanni Battista Piranesi 1720-1778 Italian Engraver
Giovanni Battista Piranesi: Carceri VII, 1760
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Gavin Hamilton 1723-1798 Scottish Painter
The Rape of Helen
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Martin Knoller 1725-1804 Austrian Painter
 
Louis Jean Francois Lagrenee 1725-1805 French Painter
The Death of the Wife of Darius III
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Giovanni Battista Cipriani 1727-1785 Italian Painter
Figure of a Warrior
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Francois-Hubert Drouais 1727-1775 French Painter
Family Concert
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Robert Adam 1728-1792 Scottish Architect/Designer
Robert Adam: Ornamenta
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Anton Raphael Mengs 1728-1779 German Painter
Giacomo Casanova
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Augustin Pajou 1730-1809 French Sculptor
Psyche
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Johann Zoffany 1733-1810 German Painter
John Verney and Lady Louisa North
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Thomas Banks 1735-1805 English Sculptor
 
Claude-Nicolas Ledoux 1736-1806 French Architect
Eye Enclosing The Theatre at Besancon, France, 1847
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Joseph Nollekens 1737-1823 English Sculptor
 
Jean-Jacques-Francois Le Barbier 1738-1828 French Painter
The Surrender of Yorktown, 17th October 1781
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Benjamin West 1738-1820 American Painter
William Penn's Treaty with the Indians
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Juan de Villanueva 1739-1811 Spanish Architect
 
Jean-Jacques Lagrenee 1739-1821 French Painter
David Victorious, 1780
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Mariano Salvador Maella 1739-1819 Spanish Painter
Adoration of the Shepherds
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John Hamilton Mortimer 1740-1779 British Painter
Sergeant-At-Arms Bonfoy, His Son, And John Clementson
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Johan Tobias Sergel 1740-1814 German/Swedish Sculptor
 
James Barry 1741-1806 Irish Painter
Portrait of the 1st Duke of Northumberland
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Jean-Antoine Houdon 1741-1828 French Sculptor
Winter, or The Chilly Woman
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Angelica Kauffmann 1741-1807 Swiss Painter
Cherubs: Sculpture
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Nicolai Abildgaard 1743-1809 Danish Painter
Nightmare, 1800
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Thomas Jefferson 1743-1826 American Architect/Politician
Thomas Jefferson, by Charles Willson Peale
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Giacomo Quarenghi 1744-1817 Italian Painter/Architect
The Riding School of the Imperial Guards, St. Petersburg
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Adam Weisweiler 1744-1820 German/French Furniture Artist
 
Francois-Andre Vincent 1746-1816 French Painter
Portrait of Monsieur Bergeret de Grancourt 1774
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Jacques-Louis David 1748-1825 French Painter
Jacques-Louis David: Napoleon Bonaparte Crossing the Alps
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Adelaide Labille-Guiard 1749-1803 French Painter
Portrait of a Woman, c.1787
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Giuseppe Ceracchi 1751-1801 Italian Sculptor
 
Friedrich Heinrich Fuger 1751-1818 German Painter
Lord Horatio Nelson
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Sir John Soane 1753-1837 English Architect
 
Andrea Appiani 1754-1817 Italian Painter
Louis-Charles-Antoine Desaix De Veygoux
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Marie-Victoire Lemoine 1754-1820 French Painter
 
John Flaxman 1755-1826 English Sculptor
Electra and Chorus Bearing Vessels For Libation
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Thomas Stothard 1755-1834 English Painter
General Nathaniel Green
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Marie Louise Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun 1755-1842 French Painter
Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun: Portrait of a Man
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Joseph Chinard 1756-1813 French Sculptor
Juliette Recamier
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William Rush 1756-1833 American Sculptor
 
John Trumbull 1756-1843 American Painter
John Trumbull: Death of General Warren
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Antonio Canova 1757-1822 Italian Sculptor
Cupid and Psyche (Detail)
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Pierre Cartellier 1757-1831 French Sculptor
Tomb of Empress Josephine
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Joseph Roques 1757-1847 French Painter
The Death of Marat, 1793
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Felice Giani 1758-1823 Italian Painter
 
John Hoppner 1758-1810 English Painter
Etching of Viscount Horatio Nelson from Hop Orig
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Pierre-Paul Prud'hon 1758-1823 French Painter
Portrait of the Empress Josephine
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Guillaume Lethiere 1760-1832 French Painter
The Enlistment of The Volunteers
Art Prints from Allposters.com
Rose Adelaide Ducreux 1761-1802 French Painter
 
Jean-Baptiste Joseph Wicar 1762-1834 French Painter
Louis Bonaparte and Louis Napoleon
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Charles Bulfinch 1763-1844 American Architect
 
Antoine-Denis Chaudet 1763-1810 French Sculptor
Phorbas Bringing Oedipus Back to Life, 1802-18
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Jean-Germain Drouais 1763-1788 French Painter
Marius at Minturnae, 1786
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Johann Gottfried Schadow 1764-1850 German Sculptor
Double Statue of the Princesses Louise
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Francois-Xavier Fabre 1766-1837 French Painter
Portrait Of An Official, Said To Be L'Intendant Delonay
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Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson 1767-1824 French Painter
The Sleep of Endymion, 1791
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Marie-Guillemine Benoist 1768-1826 French Painter
Portrait of a Negress, 1799-1800,
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Francois Gerard 1770-1837 French Painter
Ossian Conjures up the Spirits with His Harp
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Bertel Thorvaldsen 1770-1844 Danish Sculptor
Bertel Thorvaldsen's Statue of Emperor Maximillian I
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Vincenzo Camuccini 1771-1844 Italian Painter
Vincenzo Camuccini: The Death of Julius Caesar
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Antoine-Jean Gros 1771-1835 French Painter
Allegory of the Republic
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Francois-Frederic Lemot 1772-1827 French Sculptor
 
Jose Aparicio 1773-1838 Spanish Painter
The Starving of Madrid, in 1811-12
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Pierre-Athanase Chauvin 1774-1832 French Painter
 
Pierre-Narcisse Guerin 1774-1833 French Painter
Guerin: Henri de La Rochejaquelein
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Marie-Francoise-Constance Mayer-Lamartiniere 1775-1821 French Painter
 
Pelagio Palagi 1775-1860 Italian Painter/Designer
Greeks and Trojans Fight over the Body of Patroclus
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John Vanderlyn 1775-1852 American Painter
The Nags Head Portrait
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Rembrandt Peale 1778-1860 American Painter
Martha Washington
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Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres 1780-1867 French Painter
Study for the Martyrdom of St. Symphorian
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Jose de Madrazo y Agudo 1781-1859 Spanish Painter
 
Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg 1783-1853 Danish Painter
Moses Divides the Waters of the Red Sea
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Francois-Joseph Heim 1787-1865 French Painter
The Chamber of Deputies at the Palais Royal
Art Prints from Allposters.com
Francois-Joseph Navez 1787-1869 Belgian Painter
Jacques Louis David, 1817
Art Prints from Allposters.com
John Gibson 1790-1866 British Sculptor
Land Fall, 2005
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Louis-Leopold Robert 1794-1835 Swiss Painter
Celebration of the Return of the Madame of Arc
Art Prints from Allposters.com
John Graham Lough 1798-1876 English Sculptor
 
Karl Briullov 1799-1852 Russian Painter
Noon in Italy
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Denis Auguste Marie Raffet 1804-1860 French Painter
The Night Watch at Austerlitz
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Horatio Greenough 1805-1852 American Sculptor
 
Hiram Powers 1805-1873 American Sculptor
Proserpine
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Solomon Alexander Hart 1806-1881 English Painter
The Young Falconer, 1835
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Giovanni Maria Benzoni 1809-1873 Italian Sculptor
An Italian White Marble Group Entitled I Pompeiani
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Hippolyte Flandrin 1809-1864 French Painter
Hippolyte Flandrin: Young Male by the Sea
Art Prints from Allposters.com
Chauncey B. Ives 1810-1894 American Sculptor
 
Henri Lehmann 1814-1882 German Painter
Franz Liszt, 1839
Art Prints from Allposters.com
Thomas Crawford 1815-1857 American Sculptor
 
Jules-Eugene Lenepveu 1819-1898 French Painter
The Martyrs in the Catacombs, 1855
Art Prints from Allposters.com
Jules-Elie Delaunay 1828-1891 French Painter
The Plague in Rome, 1869
Art Prints from Allposters.com
Anselm Feuerbach 1829-1880 German Painter
The Judgement of Paris, 1870
Art Prints from Allposters.com
Harriet Goodhue Hosmer 1830-1908 American Sculptor
 
Edmonia Lewis 1845-1911 African-American Sculptor
 
Daniel Chester French 1850-1931 American Sculptor
The Lincoln Memorial
Art Prints from Allposters.com

 
 
 




 
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