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Artists by Movement:
Neoclassical Art

Mid-18th Century to Early-19th Century


Neoclassical Art is a severe and unemotional form of art harkening back to the grandeur of ancient Greece and Rome. Its rigidity was a reaction to the overbred Rococo style and the emotional charged Baroque style. The rise of Neoclassical Art was part of a general revival of interest in classical thought, which was of some importance in the American and French revolutions.

Important Neoclassicists include the architects Robert Smirke and Robert Adam, the sculptors Antonio Canova,Jean-Antoine Houdon and Bertel Thorvaldsen, and painters J.A.D. Ingres, Jacques-Louis David and Anton Raphael Mengs.

Around 1800, Romanticism emerged as a reaction against Neoclassicism. It did not really replace the Neoclassical style so much as act as a counterbalancing influence, and many artists were influenced by both styles to a certain degree.
 
Neoclassical Art was also a primary influence on 19th-century Academic Art
        

 
 
Chronological Listing of Neoclassical Artists
 
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Jean-Francois de Troy 1679-1752 French PainterThe Ascension, 1721
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Giovanni Paolo Pannini 1691-1765 Italian PainterPannini: Vedute Di Roma Moderna
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Jean Restout 1692-1768 French PainterMiracles of St. Paul at Ephesus, 1693
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Louis-Joseph Le Lorrain 1715-1759 French Painter 
Joseph Marie Vien 1716-1809 French PainterA Young Woman In Turkish Costume Playing With A Cage-Bird
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Giovanni Battista Piranesi 1720-1778 Italian EngraverGiovanni Battista Piranesi: Carceri VII, 1760
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Gavin Hamilton 1723-1798 Scottish PainterThe Rape of Helen
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Martin Knoller 1725-1804 Austrian Painter 
Louis Jean Francois Lagrenee 1725-1805 French PainterThe Death of the Wife of Darius III
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Giovanni Battista Cipriani 1727-1785 Italian PainterFigure of a Warrior
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Francois-Hubert Drouais 1727-1775 French PainterFamily Concert
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Robert Adam 1728-1792 Scottish Architect/DesignerRobert Adam: Ornamenta
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Anton Raphael Mengs 1728-1779 German PainterGiacomo Casanova
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Augustin Pajou 1730-1809 French SculptorPsyche
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Johann Zoffany 1733-1810 German PainterJohn Verney and Lady Louisa North
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Thomas Banks 1735-1805 English Sculptor 
Claude-Nicolas Ledoux 1736-1806 French ArchitectEye Enclosing The Theatre at Besancon, France, 1847
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Joseph Nollekens 1737-1823 English Sculptor 
Jean-Jacques-Francois Le Barbier 1738-1828 French PainterThe Surrender of Yorktown, 17th October 1781
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Benjamin West 1738-1820 American PainterWilliam Penn's Treaty with the Indians
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Juan de Villanueva 1739-1811 Spanish Architect 
Jean-Jacques Lagrenee 1739-1821 French PainterDavid Victorious, 1780
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Mariano Salvador Maella 1739-1819 Spanish PainterAdoration of the Shepherds
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John Hamilton Mortimer 1740-1779 British PainterSergeant-At-Arms Bonfoy, His Son, And John Clementson
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Johan Tobias Sergel 1740-1814 German/Swedish Sculptor 
James Barry 1741-1806 Irish PainterPortrait of the 1st Duke of Northumberland
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Jean-Antoine Houdon 1741-1828 French SculptorWinter, or The Chilly Woman
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Angelica Kauffmann 1741-1807 Swiss PainterCherubs: Sculpture
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Nicolai Abildgaard 1743-1809 Danish PainterNightmare, 1800
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Thomas Jefferson 1743-1826 American Architect/PoliticianThomas Jefferson, by Charles Willson Peale
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Giacomo Quarenghi 1744-1817 Italian Painter/ArchitectThe Riding School of the Imperial Guards, St. Petersburg
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Adam Weisweiler 1744-1820 German/French Furniture Artist 
Francois-Andre Vincent 1746-1816 French PainterPortrait of Monsieur Bergeret de Grancourt 1774
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Jacques-Louis David 1748-1825 French PainterJacques-Louis David: Napoleon Bonaparte Crossing the Alps
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Adelaide Labille-Guiard 1749-1803 French PainterPortrait of a Woman, c.1787
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Giuseppe Ceracchi 1751-1801 Italian Sculptor 
Friedrich Heinrich Fuger 1751-1818 German PainterLord Horatio Nelson
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Sir John Soane 1753-1837 English Architect 
Andrea Appiani 1754-1817 Italian PainterLouis-Charles-Antoine Desaix De Veygoux
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Marie-Victoire Lemoine 1754-1820 French Painter 
John Flaxman 1755-1826 English SculptorElectra and Chorus Bearing Vessels For Libation
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Thomas Stothard 1755-1834 English PainterGeneral Nathaniel Green
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Marie Louise Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun 1755-1842 French PainterElisabeth Vigee-Lebrun: Portrait of a Man
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Joseph Chinard 1756-1813 French SculptorJuliette Recamier
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William Rush 1756-1833 American Sculptor 
John Trumbull 1756-1843 American PainterJohn Trumbull: Death of General Warren
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Antonio Canova 1757-1822 Italian SculptorCupid and Psyche (Detail)
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Pierre Cartellier 1757-1831 French SculptorTomb of Empress Josephine
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Joseph Roques 1757-1847 French PainterThe Death of Marat, 1793
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Felice Giani 1758-1823 Italian Painter 
John Hoppner 1758-1810 English PainterEtching of Viscount Horatio Nelson from Hop Orig
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Pierre-Paul Prud'hon 1758-1823 French PainterPortrait of the Empress Josephine
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Guillaume Lethiere 1760-1832 French PainterThe Enlistment of The Volunteers
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Rose Adelaide Ducreux 1761-1802 French Painter 
Jean-Baptiste Joseph Wicar 1762-1834 French PainterLouis Bonaparte and Louis Napoleon
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Charles Bulfinch 1763-1844 American Architect 
Antoine-Denis Chaudet 1763-1810 French SculptorPhorbas Bringing Oedipus Back to Life, 1802-18
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Jean-Germain Drouais 1763-1788 French PainterMarius at Minturnae, 1786
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Johann Gottfried Schadow 1764-1850 German SculptorDouble Statue of the Princesses Louise
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Francois-Xavier Fabre 1766-1837 French PainterPortrait Of An Official, Said To Be L'Intendant Delonay
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Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson 1767-1824 French PainterThe Sleep of Endymion, 1791
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Marie-Guillemine Benoist 1768-1826 French PainterPortrait of a Negress, 1799-1800,
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Francois Gerard 1770-1837 French PainterOssian Conjures up the Spirits with His Harp
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Bertel Thorvaldsen 1770-1844 Danish SculptorBertel Thorvaldsen's Statue of Emperor Maximillian I
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Vincenzo Camuccini 1771-1844 Italian PainterVincenzo Camuccini: The Death of Julius Caesar
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Antoine-Jean Gros 1771-1835 French PainterAllegory of the Republic
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Francois-Frederic Lemot 1772-1827 French Sculptor 
Jose Aparicio 1773-1838 Spanish PainterThe Starving of Madrid, in 1811-12
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Pierre-Athanase Chauvin 1774-1832 French Painter 
Pierre-Narcisse Guerin 1774-1833 French PainterGuerin: Henri de La Rochejaquelein
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Marie-Francoise-Constance Mayer-Lamartiniere 1775-1821 French Painter 
Pelagio Palagi 1775-1860 Italian Painter/DesignerGreeks and Trojans Fight over the Body of Patroclus
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John Vanderlyn 1775-1852 American PainterThe Nags Head Portrait
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Rembrandt Peale 1778-1860 American PainterMartha Washington
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Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres 1780-1867 French PainterStudy for the Martyrdom of St. Symphorian
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Jose de Madrazo y Agudo 1781-1859 Spanish Painter 
Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg 1783-1853 Danish PainterMoses Divides the Waters of the Red Sea
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Francois-Joseph Heim 1787-1865 French PainterThe Chamber of Deputies at the Palais Royal
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Francois-Joseph Navez 1787-1869 Belgian PainterJacques Louis David, 1817
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John Gibson 1790-1866 British SculptorLand Fall, 2005
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Louis-Leopold Robert 1794-1835 Swiss PainterCelebration of the Return of the Madame of Arc
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John Graham Lough 1798-1876 English Sculptor 
Karl Briullov 1799-1852 Russian PainterNoon in Italy
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Denis Auguste Marie Raffet 1804-1860 French PainterThe Night Watch at Austerlitz
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Horatio Greenough 1805-1852 American Sculptor 
Hiram Powers 1805-1873 American SculptorProserpine
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Solomon Alexander Hart 1806-1881 English PainterThe Young Falconer, 1835
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Giovanni Maria Benzoni 1809-1873 Italian SculptorAn Italian White Marble Group Entitled I Pompeiani
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Hippolyte Flandrin 1809-1864 French PainterHippolyte Flandrin: Young Male by the Sea
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Chauncey B. Ives 1810-1894 American Sculptor 
Henri Lehmann 1814-1882 German PainterFranz Liszt, 1839
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Thomas Crawford 1815-1857 American Sculptor 
Jules-Eugene Lenepveu 1819-1898 French PainterThe Martyrs in the Catacombs, 1855
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Jules-Elie Delaunay 1828-1891 French PainterThe Plague in Rome, 1869
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Anselm Feuerbach 1829-1880 German PainterThe Judgement of Paris, 1870
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Harriet Goodhue Hosmer 1830-1908 American Sculptor 
Edmonia Lewis 1845-1911 African-American Sculptor 
Daniel Chester French 1850-1931 American SculptorThe Lincoln Memorial
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