Artists by Movement:

Centered in France, 1860's to 1880's

Impressionism is a light, spontaneous manner of painting which began in France as a reaction against the restrictions and conventions of the dominant Academic art. Its naturalistic and down-to-earth treatment of its subject matter, most commonly landscapes, has its roots in the French Realism of Camille Corot and others.

The movement's name was derived from Monet's early work, Impression: Sunrise, which was singled out for criticism by Louis Leroy upon its exhibition.

The hallmark of the style is the attempt to capture the subjective impression of light in a scene.

The core of the earliest Impressionist group was made up of Claude Monet, Alfred Sisley and Pierre-Auguste Renoir. Others associated with this period were Camille Pissarro, Frederic Bazille, Edgar Degas, Gustave Caillebotte, Edouard Manet, and the American Mary Cassatt.

The Impressionist style was probably the single most successful and identifiable "movement" ever, and is still widely practiced today. But as an intellectual school it faded towards the end of the 19th century, branching out into a variety of successive movements which are generally grouped under the term Post-Impressionism.

Chronological Listing of Impressionists
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Alphonse Maureau 19th Century French Painter
Johan Barthold Jongkind 1819-1891 Dutch Painter
Eugene Boudin 1824-1898 French Painter
Camille Pissarro 1830-1903 Caribbean/French Painter
Edouard Manet 1832-1883 French Painter
Martin Rico y Ortega 1833-1908 Spanish Painter
Edgar Degas 1834-1917 French Painter/Sculptor
Stanislas Lepine 1836-1892 French Painter
Alfred Sisley 1839-1899 French Painter
Marie Bracquemond 1840-1916 French Painter
Claude Monet 1840-1926 French Painter
Frederic Bazille 1841-1870 French Painter
John J. Enneking 1841-1916 American Painter
Armand Guillaumin 1841-1927 French Painter
Berthe Morisot 1841-1895 French Painter
Pierre-Auguste Renoir 1841-1919 French Painter
Arthur Parton 1842-1914 American Painter
Emil Jakob Schindler 1842-1892 Austrian Painter
Mary Cassatt 1844-1926 American Painter
Harriet Backer 1845-1932 Norwegian Painter
Luis Jimenez Aranda 1845-1928 Spanish Painter
Max Liebermann 1847-1935 German Painter
Theodore Clement Steele 1847-1926 American Painter
Frits Thaulow 1847-1906 Norwegian Painter
Gustave Caillebotte 1848-1894 French Painter
Lilla Cabot Perry 1848-1933 American Painter
Michael Ancher 1849-1927 Danish Painter
Jean Beraud 1849-1935 Russian/French Painter
William Merritt Chase 1849-1916 American Painter
Eva Gonzales 1849-1883 French Painter
Albert Lebourg 1849-1928 French Painter
John Ottis Adams 1851-1927 American Painter
Richard B. Gruelle 1851-1914 American Painter
Jean-Louis Forain 1852-1931 French Painter/Illustrator
Theodore Robinson 1852-1896 American Painter
Julian Alden Weir 1852-1919 American Painter
John Henry Twachtman 1853-1902 American Painter
Frederick McCubbin 1855-1917 Australian Painter
Colin Campbell Cooper 1856-1937 American Painter
Henri Moret 1856-1913 French Painter
Tom Roberts 1856-1931 British/Australian Painter
Edward Henry Potthast 1857-1927 American Painter
Willard Leroy Metcalf 1858-1925 American Painter
Maurice Prendergast 1858-1924 Canadian/American Painter
Medardo Rosso 1858-1928 Italian Sculptor
Helen M. Turner 1858-1958 American Painter
Robert Vonnoh 1858-1933 American Painter
Anna Ancher 1859-1935 Danish Painter
George Elbert Burr 1859-1939 American Painter
George Wharton Edwards 1859-1950 American Painter/Illustrator
Abbott Fuller Graves 1859-1936 American Painter
Childe Hassam 1859-1935 American Painter
Walter Frederick Osborne 1859-1903 Irish Painter
Otto Stark 1859-1926 American Painter
Theodore Wendel 1859-1932 American Painter
Laura Muntz Lyall 1860-1930 Canadian Painter
Philip Wilson Steer 1860-1942 English Painter
Dennis Miller Bunker 1861-1890 American Painter
Theodore Butler 1861-1936 American Painter
Charles Courtney Curran 1861-1942 American Painter
Walter Griffin 1861-1935 American Painter
Frank Weston Benson 1862-1951 American Painter
Frantz Charlet 1862-1928 Belgian Painter
Robert Reid 1862-1929 American Painter
Edmund Charles Tarbell 1862-1938 American Painter
Laureano Barrau 1863-1957 Spanish Painter
Maxime Maufra 1863-1918 French Painter
Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida 1863-1923 Spanish Painter
George Gardner Symons 1863-1930 American Painter
Paul Cornoyer 1864-1923 American Painter
George Loftus Noyes 1864-1951 Canadian/American Painter
Olga Boznanska 1865-1945 Polish Painter
Frank Dumond 1865-1951 American Painter
Philip Leslie Hale 1865-1931 American Painter
William Samuel Horton 1865-1936 American Painter
Valentin Aleksandrovich Serov 1865-1911 Russian Painter
Reynolds Beal 1867-1951 American Painter
William DeLeftwich Dodge 1867-1935 American Painter
Guy Rose 1867-1925 American Painter
Arthur Streeton 1867-1943 Australian Painter
Charles Conder 1868-1909 English/Australian Painter
Lawton Parker 1868-1954 American Painter
Chauncey F. Ryder 1868-1949 American Painter
Max Slevogt 1868-1932 German Painter
Wilson Irvine 1869-1936 American Painter
Edward Willis Redfield 1869-1965 American Painter
Bessie Potter Vonnoh 1872-1955 American Sculptor
Louis Betts 1873-1961 American Painter
Frank H. Desch 1873-1934 American Painter
Charles Ebert 1873-1959 American Painter
Albert H. Krehbiel 1873-1945 American Painter
Ernest Lawson 1873-1939 Canadian/American Painter
Will Howe Foote 1874-1965 American Painter
Frederick Carl Frieseke 1874-1939 American Painter
Pierre-Eugene Montezin 1874-1946 French Painter
Edward Cucuel 1875-1954 American Painter
Richard Emil Miller 1875-1943 American Painter
Edmund W. Greacen 1876-1949 American Painter
Jane Peterson 1876-1965 American Painter
Dame Laura Knight 1877-1970 British Painter
Gertrude Fiske 1878-1961 American Painter
William Chadwick 1879-1962 American Painter
Helen McNicoll 1879-1915 Canadian Painter
Catherine Wiley 1879-1958 American Painter
Daniel Garber 1880-1958 American Painter
Martha Walter 1880-1976 American Painter
Julian Onderdonk 1882-1922 American Painter
Abel Warshawsky 1883-1962 American Painter
Guy Wiggins 1883-1962 American Painter
Walter Emerson Baum 1884-1956 American Painter
Henrietta Mabel May 1884-1971 Canadian Painter
Fern Isabel Coppedge 1888-1951 American Painter
Louis Ritman 1889-1963 Russian/American Painter
Arthur Hill Gilbert 1894-1970 American Painter
Richard Earl Thompson 1914-1991 American Painter



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