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Artists by Movement:
Realism

Mid-19th Century


Realism is an approach to art in which subjects are depicted in as straightforward a manner as possible, without idealizing them and without following rules of formal artistic theory.
 
The earliest Realist work began to appear in the 18th century, in a reaction to the excesses of Romanticism and Neoclassicism. This is evident in John Singleton Copley's paintings, and some of the works of Goya. But the great Realist era was the middle of the 19th century, as artists became disillusioned with the artifice of the Salons and the influence of the Academies.

Realism came closest to being an organized movement in France, inspiring artists such as Camille Corot, Jean-Francois Millet and the Barbizon School of landscape painters.
 
Besides Copley, American Realists included the painters Thomas Eakins, and Henry Ossawa Tanner, both of whom studied in France.

French Realism was a guiding influence on the philosophy of the Impressionists. The Ashcan School artists, the American Scene painters, and, much later, on the Contemporary Realists are all following the American Realist tradition.
        

 
 
Chronological Listing of Realists
 
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Peter von Cornelius 1783-1867 German PainterFive Wise and Five Foolish Virgins
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Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot 1796-1875 French PainterCamille Corot: La Bacchanale
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Constantin Guys 1802-1892 French IllustratorConstantin Guys: Box Seats
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Paul Gavarni 1804-1866 French EngraverPortrait of Victor Hugo 1829
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Josef Danhauser 1805-1845 Austrian PainterA Mother's Love
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William Dyce 1806-1864 Scottish PainterJoash Shooting the Arrow of Deliverance, 1844
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William Sidney Mount 1807-1868 American Painter 
Honore Daumier 1808-1879 French IllustratorThe Rescue, ca.1870
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Christen Kobke 1810-1848 Danish Painter 
George Caleb Bingham 1811-1879 American PainterGeorge Caleb Bingham: Fur Traders Descending the Missouri
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Jean-Francois Millet 1814-1875 French PainterJean-Francois Millet: The Gleaners
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Adolf von Menzel 1815-1905 German PainterAdolf von Menzel: Das Flotenkonzert -The Flutist
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Francois Bonvin 1817-1887 French PainterInterior of a Tavern
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Gustave Courbet 1819-1877 French PainterThe Oak of Flagey, called Vercingetorix
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Rosa Bonheur 1822-1899 French PainterStudy of Horses
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Augustin Theodule Ribot 1823-1891 French PainterStill Life with a Pomegranate
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Auguste Bonheur 1824-1884 French Painter 
Gustave Brion 1824-1877 French PainterGavroche had fallen only to rise again, from Les Miserables
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Emmanuel Fremiet 1824-1910 French SculptorEquestrian statue of Joan of Arc
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Jozef Israels 1824-1911 Dutch PainterChildren Playing By The Seaside
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Giovanni Fattori 1825-1908 Italian PainterThe Italian Camp at The Battle of Magenta, 1859
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Silvestro Lega 1826-1895 Italian PainterPortrait of Eleonora Tommasi
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Paul Seignac 1826-1904 French PainterPicking Cherries
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Jules Breton 1827-1906 French PainterJules Breton: Song of the Lark
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Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux 1827-1875 French Sculptor/PainterThe Spy, Episode of the Siege of Paris, 1871
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Jervis McEntee 1828-1891 American PainterMcEntee: Autumn Landscape
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John Quincy Adams Ward 1830-1910 American Sculptor 
John George Brown 1831-1913 British/American PainterJohn George Brown: The Music Lesson, 1870
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Edouard Manet 1832-1883 French PainterEdouard Manet: Waitress Serving
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Antoine Vollon 1833-1900 French PainterA spilled bag of cherries
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Edgar Degas 1834-1917 French Painter/SculptorBallerine in Rosa
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Henri Fantin-Latour 1836-1904 French PainterHenri Fantin-Latour: Bouquet De Julienne Et Fruits
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Eduardo Rosales 1836-1873 Spanish PainterThe Testament of Queen Isabella the Catholic
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Jules Dalou 1838-1902 French SculptorBust of Eugene Delacroix
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Kitty Kielland 1843-1914 Norwegian Painter 
Thomas Eakins 1844-1916 American PainterSpinning, 1881
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Leon Augustin L'hermitte 1844-1925 French PainterPortrait of Edouard Manet at his Easel
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Wilhelm Leibl 1844-1900 German PainterThree Women in Church
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Mihaly Munkacsy 1844-1900 Hungarian PainterStrike, 1895
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Ilya Repin 1844-1930 Ukrainian/Russian PainterThe Duel, 1901
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Jules Bastien-Lepage 1848-1884 French PainterResting Peasants, 1877
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Frank Duveneck 1848-1919 American Painter 
Francisco Pradilla Ortiz 1848-1921 Spanish PainterThe Surrender of Granada in 1492
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Augustus Saint-Gaudens 1848-1907 Irish/American SculptorDiana by Augustus Saint-Gaudens
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Frants Henningsen 1850-1908 Danish PainterIngeborg Treschow, Aged Three
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Thomas Anshutz 1851-1912 American PainterThe Farmer And His Son At Harvesting, 1879
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Julien Dupre 1851-1910 French PainterJulien Dupre: Turning the Hay
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Viggo Johansen 1851-1935 Danish PainterSilent Night, 1891
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Carl Locher 1851-1915 Danish Painter 
Wilhelm Trubner 1851-1917 German PainterLichtenberg Castle in Odenwald
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Sir George Clausen 1852-1944 English PainterA Girl's Head
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Pascal-Adolphe-Jean Dagnan-Bouveret 1852-1929 French PainterWedding at the Photographer's
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Jean-Louis Forain 1852-1931 French Painter/IllustratorThe Buffet, 1884
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Christian Krohg 1852-1925 Norwegian PainterAlbertine at the Police Doctor's waiting room
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Carl Larsson 1853-1919 Swedish PainterThe Kitchen
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George Carline 1855-1920 English PainterYews in the Old Yews Wood
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Gilbert Gaul 1855-1919 American PainterGilbert Gaul: Thrown Out On 2nd, 1887
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Erik Werenskiold 1855-1936 Norwegian Painter 
Stanhope Alexander Forbes 1857-1947 Irish PainterThe Great Fire of London, 1666
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Henry H. La Thangue 1859-1929 British PainterHenry H. La Thangue: Watersplash
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Henry Ossawa Tanner 1859-1937 African-American PainterHenry Ossawa Tanner: The Banjo Lesson
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Anders Zorn 1860-1920 Swedish PainterDagmar, 1911
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Charles Cottet 1863-1925 French PainterIn the Port, 1895
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Emile Friant 1863-1932 French PainterSouvenir, 1891
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Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida 1863-1923 Spanish PainterJoaquin Sorolla y Bastida: Walk on the Beach
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Harald Sohlberg 1869-1935 Norwegian PainterSummer Night, 1899
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Russell Drysdale 1912-1981 British/Australian Painter 
Antonio Lopez Garcia Born 1936 Spanish Painter 

 
 
 




 
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