Artists by Movement:
The Northern Renaissance

Centered in Germany and the Netherlands, 15th-16th Centuries

The northern European tradition of Gothic Art was greatly affected by the technical and philosophical advancements of the Renaissance in Italy. While less concerned with studies of anatomy and linear perspective, northern artists were masters of technique, and their works are marvels of exquisite detail.

The great artists who inspired the Northern Renaissance included Jan van Eyck (and his brother Hubert, about whom little is known), Robert Campin and Rogier van der Weyden.

As Italy moved into the High Renaissance, the north retained a distinct Gothic influence. Yet masters like Albrecht Dürer, Hieronymus Bosch, Pieter Bruegel and Hans Holbein were the equal of the greatest artists of the south.

In the 16th century, as in the south, the Northern Renaissance eventually gave way to highly stylized Mannerist art.

Chronological Listing of Northern Renaissance Artists
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Master Bertram 1340-1414 German Painter
Hubert van Eyck 1370-1426 Flemish Painter
The Ghent Altarpiece, The Virgin Mary, 1432
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Robert Campin 1375-1444 Netherlandish Painter
St. Barbara from the Werl Altarpiece
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Kartner Meister 15th Century German
Master of Heiligenkreuz 15th Century Austrian Painter
Master of Janosret 15th Century Hungarian
Christ Appears to Mary Magdalene
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Master of the Housebook 15th Century German Painter
The Lamentation of Christ
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Master of the Pfullendorf Altar 15th Century German Painter
The Birth of the Virgin, circa 1500
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Master of the Prado's Adoration of the Magi 15th Century Netherlandish Painter
Master of the Saint Catherine Legend 15th Century Flemish Painter
Master of the Saint Lucy Legend 15th Century Netherlandish Painter
Mary Queen of Heaven, the St. Lucy Legend
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Master of the Tibertine Sibyl 15th Century Dutch Painter
Konrad of Soest 1394-1422 German Painter
The Birth of Christ, 1404
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Jan van Eyck 1395-1441 Flemish Painter
Portrait of a Man in a Turban
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Stephan Lochner 1400-1451 German Painter
The Last Judgement
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Hans Multscher 1400-1467 German Sculptor
Rogier van der Weyden 1400-1464 Netherlandish Painter
The Last Judgement (detail)
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Conrad Witz 1400-1446 German Painter
A mounted man holding a small dog
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Jacques Daret 1404-1470 Netherlandish Painter
Petrus Christus 1410-1473 Netherlandish Painter
Our Lady of The Barren Tree c. 1444/62
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Dieric Bouts the Elder 1415-1475 Netherlandish Painter
Adoration of the Magi
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Albert van Ouwater 1415-1475 Netherlandish Painter
Johann Koerbecke 1420-1491 German Painter
Master of the Middle-Rhine 1420 German Painter
Hans Pleydenwurff 1420-1472 German Painter
Enguerrand Quarton 1420-1466 French Painter
The Coronation of the Virgin
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Vrancke van der Stockt 1420-1495 Flemish Painter
Simon Marmion 1425-1489 French/Flemish Painter
St. Mark - Detail
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Master of the Tegernsee Passion 1430-1450 German Painter
Michael Pacher 1430-1498 Austrian Painter
The Stoning of St. Stephen
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Master of the Polling Panels 1434-1450 German Painter
Michael Wolgemut 1434-1519 German Painter/Printmaker
Danse Macabre, from 'Liber Chronicarum'
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Master of the Karlsruhe Passion 1435-1465 German Painter
Master of the Playing Cards 1435-1455 German Engraver
Hans Memling 1435-1494 Netherlandish Painter
Hans Memling: Angels Playing Musical Instruments
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Veit Stoss 1438-1533 German Sculptor
The Dormition and the Assumption of the Virgin Mary
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Michel Erhardt 1440-1522 German Sculptor
Hugo van der Goes 1440-1482 Netherlandish Painter
St. Genevieve
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Conrad Laib 1440-1460 Austrian Painter
Israhel van Meckenem 1445-1503 German Engraver
Positive Organ
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Niclaus of Haguenau 1445-1538 German Sculptor
Colijn de Coter 1446-1538 Flemish Painter
Dieric Bouts the Younger 1448-1490 Netherlandish Painter
Hieronymus Bosch 1450-1516 Netherlandish Painter
Temptation of St.Anthony (left panel)
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Erasmus Grasser 1450-1526 German Painter/Sculptor
Peter Koellin 1450-1475 German
Mair von Landshut 1450-1504 German Painter/Printmaker
Master E.S. 1450-1467 German Engraver
Jan Polack 1450-1519 Polish Painter
Martin Schongauer 1450-1491 German Painter
Martin Schongauer: Madonna of the Rose Bower
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Willem Vrelant 1450-1460 Flemish Manuscript Illuminator
Adam Kraft 1455-1508 German Sculptor
Ulrich Apt the Elder 1460-1532 German Painter
Aelbrecht Bouts 1460-1549 Netherlandish Painter
Christ, The Man Of Sorrows
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Adolf Daucher 1460-1523 German Sculptor
Gerard David 1460-1523 Netherlandish Painter
Gerard David: Rest on the Flight into Egypt
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Joos van Wassenhove 1460-1480 Netherlandish Painter
Joos van Wassenhove: Portrait of Dante
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Juan de Flandes 1460-1519 Flemish/Spanish Painter
The Resurrection of Lazarus
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Hans Leu the Elder 1460-1510 Swiss Painter
Master of Frankfurt 1460-1533 Flemish Painter
Master of the Life of the Virgin 1460-1480 German Painter
Marx Reichlich 1460-1520 German Painter
Tilman Riemenschneider 1460-1531 German Painter/Sculptor
Detail from St James Church, Germany
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Geertgen Tot Sint-Jans 1460-1490 Netherlandish Painter
The Raising of Lazarus
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Bernhard Strigel 1460-1528 German Painter
Maximilian I with his first wife Mary of Burgundy
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Peter Vischer the Elder 1460-1529 German Sculptor
King Arthur, 1513
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Veit Hirschvogel the Elder 1461-1525 German Glass Painter
Nicolaus Gerhaert 1462-1473 German Sculptor
Hans Holbein the Elder 1465-1524 German Painter
Detail of The Depiction of Christ in the Temple
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Gerard Horenbout 1465-1541 Flemish Painter/Manuscript Illuminator
Quentin Massys 1465-1530 Flemish Painter
Quentin Massys: Virgin at Prayer
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Master of the Acts of Mercy 1465 Austrian
Jan Provost 1465-1529 Flemish Painter
The Last Judgement
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Michel Sittow 1469-1525 Netherlandish Painter
Portrait of a woman, possibly Catherine of Aragon
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Jean Bellegambe 1470-1535 Netherlandish Painter
Mystic Bath of the Souls
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Matthias Grunewald 1470-1528 German Painter
God the Father, from the Isenheim Altarpiece
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Daniel Hopfer 1470-1536 German Engraver
Master of the Coburg Roundels 1470-1500 German Painter
Master of the Holy Family 1470-1515 German Painter
Altarpiece of the Seven Joys of the Virgin
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Hans Wertinger 1470-1533 German Painter
Albrecht Durer 1471-1528 German Painter/Engraver
Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse
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Lucas Cranach the Elder 1472-1553 German Painter
Martin Luther
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Jan Mostaert 1472-1555 Dutch Painter
Christ as the Man of Sorrows
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Jacob Cornelisz van Oostsanen 1472-1533 Dutch Painter
Hans Burgkmair the Elder 1473-1531 German Painter
Portrait of a Man, 1506
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Jorg Breu the Elder 1475-1537 German Painter
The Sale of Indulgences by Catholic Clergy
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Master A.G. 1475-1490 German
Master F.V.B. 1475-1500 Flemish Engraver
Master of the Saint Ursula Legend 1475-1500 Flemish Painter
Hans Suss von Kulmbach 1476-1522 German Painter
The Calling of St. Peter
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Martin Schaffner 1477-1546 German Painter
Mabuse 1478-1532 Flemish Painter
Neptune and Amphitrite, 1516
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Albrecht Altdorfer 1480-1538 German Painter
Martyrdom of Saint Florian
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Leonhard Beck 1480-1542 German Painter
Jan Wellens de Cock 1480-1527 Netherlandish Painter
Jean Hey 1480-1500 Flemish Painter
Jean Hey: Anne of France
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Hans Maler zu Schwaz 1480-1529 German Painter
Portrait Of A Gentleman, Bust Length
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Master LCz 1480-1505 German Printmaker
Master of the Aix-en-Chapel Altarpiece 1480-1520 Flemish Painter
Master of the Saint Bartholomew Altarpiece 1480-1510 Netherlandish Painter
Conrad Meit 1480-1550 German Sculptor
Jorg Ratgeb 1480-1526 German Painter
Hans Leonhard Schaufelein 1480-1540 German Painter
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Dirk Vellert 1480-1547 Flemish Painter
Wenzel von Olmutz 1481-1497 German Printmaker
Second Gouda Woodcutter 1482-1484 Dutch
Simon Bening 1483-1561 Flemish Manuscript Illuminator
April Leaf from a Calendar Book of Hours
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Hans Baldung Grien 1484-1545 German Painter/Printmaker
The Flood, 1516
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Niklaus Manuel 1484-1530 Swiss Painter
St. Thomas Aquinas and Louis IX
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Joos van Cleve 1485-1540 Flemish Painter
The Virgin And Child Enthroned
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Jean Duvet 1485-1561 French Engraver
Urs Graf 1485-1529 Swiss Engraver
Soldier with a Lance, 1514
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Master of the View of Sainte Gudule 1485 Netherlandish Painter
Joachim Patinir 1485-1524 Flemish Painter
The Feeding of the Five Thousand
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Peter Vischer the Younger 1487-1528 German Sculptor
Bernaert van Orley 1488-1541 Flemish Painter
Portrait of Charles V
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Wolf Huber 1490-1553 German Painter
Head Study, 1522
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Pieter Cornelisz. Kunst 1490-1560 Netherlandish Painter
Master of Hoogstraeten 1490-1530 Flemish Painter
Master of the Khanenko Adoration 1490-1500 Flemish Painter
Marinus van Reymerswaele 1490-1567 Flemish Painter
The Moneylender and His Wife
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Barthel Bruyn the Elder 1493-1555 German Painter
Barthel Bruyn: Counsellor Arnold Von Brauweiler, 1535
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Josse Lieferinxe 1493-1508 Flemish Painter
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Ambrosius Holbein 1494-1519 German Painter
Portrait of a Man
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Lucas van Leyden 1494-1533 Dutch Painter
The Engagement
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Ambrosius Benson 1495-1550 Flemish Painter
The Concert after the Meal
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Jan van Scorel 1495-1562 Dutch Painter
Ruth and Naomi in the field of Boaz
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Hans Holbein the Younger 1497-1543 German Painter
Portrait of Henry VIII, aged 49
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Dirck Jacobsz 1497-1567 Flemish Painter
Lancelot Blondeel 1498-1561 Flemish Painter
The Legend of St. Bertin
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Maerten van Heemskerck 1498-1574 Dutch Painter
Antique Bullfighting, 1552
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Mathias Zundt 1498-1572 German Sculptor
Johan Stephen von Calcar 1499-1546 German Painter
Portrait of a man with a ginger beard
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Michiel van Coxcie 1499-1592 Flemish Painter
The Death of Abel
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Jan van Amstel 1500-1540 Flemish Painter
Hans Sebald Beham 1500-1550 German Engraver
Beham: The Story of David
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Jacob Binck 1500-1569 German Painter
Pieter Claeissens I 1500-1575 Flemish Painter
Corneille de Lyon 1500-1575 Dutch/French Painter
Madeleine de France, Queen of Scotland
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Lucas Gassel 1500-1570 Flemish Painter
The Parable of the Wheat and the Tares
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Adriaen Isenbrant 1500-1551 Flemish Painter
Triptych with St. Jerome, St. Catherine and Mary Magdalene
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Jan Mandyn 1500-1560 Dutch Painter
The Temptation of St. Anthony
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Master of the Joseph Legend 1500 Flemish Painter
Georg Pencz 1500-1550 German Painter
Portrait of a Man
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Jan Vermeyen 1500-1559 Dutch Painter
Campaign of Emperor Charles V against the Turks
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Pieter Coecke van Aelst 1502-1550 Flemish Painter
Descent of the Holy Ghost
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Heinrich Aldegrever 1502-1555 German Engraver
The Society of Anabaptists
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Barthel Beham 1502-1540 German Engraver
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Pedro de Campana 1503-1580 Flemish/Spanish Painter
Augustin Hirschvogel 1503-1553 German Engraver
Lambert Lombard 1505-1566 Flemish Painter
Master S. 1505-1554 Flemish Engraver
Pieter Aertsen 1508-1575 Dutch Painter
Vanitas still life (Christ with Mary and Martha), 1552
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Hieronymus Cock 1510-1570 Flemish Engraver
Henry Met de Bles 1510-1550 Flemish Painter
The Inferno
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Levina Teerlinc 1510-1576 Flemish Miniaturist
Cornelis Floris 1514-1575 Flemish Sculptor
Lucas Cranach the Younger 1515-1586 German Painter
Martin Luther and Philip Melanchthon
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Frans Floris 1516-1570 Flemish Painter
The Falconer's Wife
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Dirck Volkertszoon Coornhert 1522-1590 Dutch Engraver
Crispin van den Broeck 1523-1591 Flemish Painter
Pieter Pourbus 1523-1584 Flemish Painter
The Prodigal Son with the Courtesans
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Jan van der Straet 1523-1605 Flemish Painter
Equus Hispanus
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Pieter Bruegel the Elder 1525-1569 Flemish Painter
Pieter Bruegel: Wedding Dance
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Theodor de Bry 1527-1598 Flemish Designer/Engraver
Indian Woman and Young Girl
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Caterina van Hemessen 1527-1587 Flemish Painter
Nicolas Neufchatel 1527-1590 Flemish/German Painter
Johann I Neudorfer and His Son, 1561
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Hans Vredeman de Vries 1527-1606 Dutch Painter
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Pieter van Der Heyden 1530-1575 Flemish Engraver
Jacques Jonghelinck 1530-1606 Flemish Sculptor
Master of Female Half-Lengths 1530-1540 Dutch Painter
The Concert
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Guilielmus Paludanus 1530-1579 Flemish Sculptor
Peter Strub the Younger 1530-1543 German Painter
The Annunciation
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Lucas van Valckenborch 1530-1597 Flemish Painter
An Allegory of Summer
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Johan Gregor van der Schardt 1530-1580 Dutch Sculptor
Jacques de Gheyn 1532-1582 Dutch Miniaturist
Jacques de Gheyn: 17th Century Fusiliers
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Dirck Barendsz. 1534-1592 Dutch Painter
Joachim Beuckelaer 1534-1574 Flemish Painter
Country Celebration, 1563
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Hans Bol 1534-1593 Flemish Painter
Hans Bol: The Good Samaritan
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Gillis Mostaert 1534-1598 Flemish Painter
The Haywain, Allegory of the Vanity of the World
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Marten van Valckenborch 1534-1612 Flemish Painter
Parable of the Labourers in the Vineyard
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Philip Galle 1537-1612 Flemish Engraver
Navigation by Reference from the Sun
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Gillis Congnet 1538-1599 Flemish Painter
Denys Calvaert 1540-1619 Flemish Painter
Saint Cecilia
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Hans Eworth 1540-1573 Flemish Painter
Lady Mary Neville and her son Gregory Fiennes
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Frans Francken I 1542-1616 Flemish Painter
The Charity of St. Cosmas and St. Damian (detail)
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Joris Hoefnagel 1542-1600 Flemish Manuscript Illuminator
A Fete at Bermondsey
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Steven van der Meulen 1543-1568 Flemish Painter
Elizabeth Fitzgerald, Countess of Lincoln, 1560
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Gillis van Coninxloo 1544-1607 Flemish Painter
Adriaen Thomas Key 1544-1590 Flemish Painter
Portrait of Philips van Montmorency, Count of Hoorne
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Pieter Van Der Borcht 1545-1608 Flemish Painter
Frans Pourbus the Elder 1545-1581 Flemish Painter
Sermon of St. John the Baptist
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Nicholas Hilliard 1547-1619 English Miniaturist
Sir Francis Drake, 1581
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Cornelis Ketel 1548-1616 Flemish Painter
Jan Sadeler I 1550-1600 Flemish Engraver
Celebration Scene, 1588
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Lodewyk Toeput 1550-1605 Flemish Painter
The Miraculous Draught of Fish
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Jacob de Backer 1555-1585 Flemish Painter
Venus and Cupid
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Pieter Bruegel the Younger 1564-1638 Flemish Painter
The Wedding Dance, 1607
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Frederik van Valckenborch 1570-1623 Flemish Painter
Fruitmarket (Summer)
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Gillis van Valckenborch 1570-1622 Flemish Painter
Roelandt Savery 1576-1639 Flemish Painter
Boar Hunt
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