Artcyclopedia

Artists by Movement:
The Northern Renaissance

Centered in Germany and the Netherlands, 15th-16th Centuries


The northern European tradition of Gothic Art was greatly affected by the technical and philosophical advancements of the Renaissance in Italy. While less concerned with studies of anatomy and linear perspective, northern artists were masters of technique, and their works are marvels of exquisite detail.

The great artists who inspired the Northern Renaissance included Jan van Eyck (and his brother Hubert, about whom little is known), Robert Campin and Rogier van der Weyden.

As Italy moved into the High Renaissance, the north retained a distinct Gothic influence. Yet masters like Albrecht Dürer, Hieronymus Bosch, Pieter Bruegel and Hans Holbein were the equal of the greatest artists of the south.

In the 16th century, as in the south, the Northern Renaissance eventually gave way to highly stylized Mannerist art.
        

 
 
Chronological Listing of Northern Renaissance Artists
 
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Master Bertram 1340-1414 German Painter 
Hubert van Eyck 1370-1426 Flemish PainterThe Ghent Altarpiece, The Virgin Mary, 1432
Art Prints
Robert Campin 1375-1444 Netherlandish PainterSt. Barbara from the Werl Altarpiece
Art Prints
Kartner Meister 15th Century German 
Master of Heiligenkreuz 15th Century Austrian Painter 
Master of Janosret 15th Century HungarianChrist Appears to Mary Magdalene
Art Prints
Master of the Housebook 15th Century German PainterThe Lamentation of Christ
Art Prints
Master of the Pfullendorf Altar 15th Century German PainterThe Birth of the Virgin, circa 1500
Art Prints
Master of the Prado's Adoration of the Magi 15th Century Netherlandish Painter 
Master of the Saint Catherine Legend 15th Century Flemish Painter 
Master of the Saint Lucy Legend 15th Century Netherlandish PainterMary Queen of Heaven, the St. Lucy Legend
Art Prints
Master of the Tibertine Sibyl 15th Century Dutch Painter 
Konrad of Soest 1394-1422 German PainterThe Birth of Christ, 1404
Art Prints
Jan van Eyck 1395-1441 Flemish PainterPortrait of a Man in a Turban
Art Prints
Stephan Lochner 1400-1451 German PainterThe Last Judgement
Art Prints
Hans Multscher 1400-1467 German Sculptor 
Rogier van der Weyden 1400-1464 Netherlandish PainterThe Last Judgement (detail)
Art Prints
Conrad Witz 1400-1446 German PainterA mounted man holding a small dog
Art Prints
Jacques Daret 1404-1470 Netherlandish Painter 
Petrus Christus 1410-1473 Netherlandish PainterOur Lady of The Barren Tree c. 1444/62
Art Prints
Dieric Bouts the Elder 1415-1475 Netherlandish PainterAdoration of the Magi
Art Prints
Albert van Ouwater 1415-1475 Netherlandish Painter 
Johann Koerbecke 1420-1491 German Painter 
Master of the Middle-Rhine 1420 German Painter 
Hans Pleydenwurff 1420-1472 German Painter 
Enguerrand Quarton 1420-1466 French PainterThe Coronation of the Virgin
Art Prints
Vrancke van der Stockt 1420-1495 Flemish Painter 
Simon Marmion 1425-1489 French/Flemish PainterSt. Mark - Detail
Art Prints
Master of the Tegernsee Passion 1430-1450 German Painter 
Michael Pacher 1430-1498 Austrian PainterThe Stoning of St. Stephen
Art Prints
Master of the Polling Panels 1434-1450 German Painter 
Michael Wolgemut 1434-1519 German Painter/PrintmakerDanse Macabre, from 'Liber Chronicarum'
Art Prints
Master of the Karlsruhe Passion 1435-1465 German Painter 
Master of the Playing Cards 1435-1455 German Engraver 
Hans Memling 1435-1494 Netherlandish PainterHans Memling: Angels Playing Musical Instruments
Art Prints
Veit Stoss 1438-1533 German SculptorThe Dormition and the Assumption of the Virgin Mary
Art Prints
Michel Erhardt 1440-1522 German Sculptor 
Hugo van der Goes 1440-1482 Netherlandish PainterSt. Genevieve
Art Prints
Conrad Laib 1440-1460 Austrian Painter 
Israhel van Meckenem 1445-1503 German EngraverPositive Organ
Art Prints
Niclaus of Haguenau 1445-1538 German Sculptor 
Colijn de Coter 1446-1538 Flemish Painter 
Dieric Bouts the Younger 1448-1490 Netherlandish Painter 
Hieronymus Bosch 1450-1516 Netherlandish PainterTemptation of St.Anthony (left panel)
Art Prints
Erasmus Grasser 1450-1526 German Painter/Sculptor 
Peter Koellin 1450-1475 German 
Mair von Landshut 1450-1504 German Painter/Printmaker 
Master E.S. 1450-1467 German Engraver 
Jan Polack 1450-1519 Polish Painter 
Martin Schongauer 1450-1491 German PainterMartin Schongauer: Madonna of the Rose Bower
Art Prints
Willem Vrelant 1450-1460 Flemish Manuscript Illuminator 
Adam Kraft 1455-1508 German Sculptor 
Ulrich Apt the Elder 1460-1532 German Painter 
Aelbrecht Bouts 1460-1549 Netherlandish PainterChrist, The Man Of Sorrows
Art Prints
Adolf Daucher 1460-1523 German Sculptor 
Gerard David 1460-1523 Netherlandish PainterGerard David: Rest on the Flight into Egypt
Art Prints
Joos van Wassenhove 1460-1480 Netherlandish PainterJoos van Wassenhove: Portrait of Dante
Art Prints
Juan de Flandes 1460-1519 Flemish/Spanish PainterThe Resurrection of Lazarus
Art Prints
Hans Leu the Elder 1460-1510 Swiss Painter 
Master of Frankfurt 1460-1533 Flemish Painter 
Master of the Life of the Virgin 1460-1480 German Painter 
Marx Reichlich 1460-1520 German Painter 
Tilman Riemenschneider 1460-1531 German Painter/SculptorDetail from St James Church, Germany
Art Prints
Geertgen Tot Sint-Jans 1460-1490 Netherlandish PainterThe Raising of Lazarus
Art Prints
Bernhard Strigel 1460-1528 German PainterMaximilian I with his first wife Mary of Burgundy
Art Prints
Peter Vischer the Elder 1460-1529 German SculptorKing Arthur, 1513
Art Prints
Veit Hirschvogel the Elder 1461-1525 German Glass Painter 
Nicolaus Gerhaert 1462-1473 German Sculptor 
Hans Holbein the Elder 1465-1524 German PainterDetail of The Depiction of Christ in the Temple
Art Prints
Gerard Horenbout 1465-1541 Flemish Painter/Manuscript Illuminator 
Quentin Massys 1465-1530 Flemish PainterQuentin Massys: Virgin at Prayer
Art Prints
Master of the Acts of Mercy 1465 Austrian 
Jan Provost 1465-1529 Flemish PainterThe Last Judgement
Art Prints
Michel Sittow 1469-1525 Netherlandish PainterPortrait of a woman, possibly Catherine of Aragon
Art Prints
Jean Bellegambe 1470-1535 Netherlandish PainterMystic Bath of the Souls
Art Prints
Matthias Grunewald 1470-1528 German PainterGod the Father, from the Isenheim Altarpiece
Art Prints
Daniel Hopfer 1470-1536 German Engraver 
Master of the Coburg Roundels 1470-1500 German Painter 
Master of the Holy Family 1470-1515 German PainterAltarpiece of the Seven Joys of the Virgin
Art Prints
Hans Wertinger 1470-1533 German Painter 
Albrecht Durer 1471-1528 German Painter/EngraverFour Horsemen of the Apocalypse
Art Prints
Lucas Cranach the Elder 1472-1553 German PainterMartin Luther
Art Prints
Jan Mostaert 1472-1555 Dutch PainterChrist as the Man of Sorrows
Art Prints
Jacob Cornelisz van Oostsanen 1472-1533 Dutch Painter 
Hans Burgkmair the Elder 1473-1531 German PainterPortrait of a Man, 1506
Art Prints
Jorg Breu the Elder 1475-1537 German PainterThe Sale of Indulgences by Catholic Clergy
Art Prints
Master A.G. 1475-1490 German 
Master F.V.B. 1475-1500 Flemish Engraver 
Master of the Saint Ursula Legend 1475-1500 Flemish Painter 
Hans Suss von Kulmbach 1476-1522 German PainterThe Calling of St. Peter
Art Prints
Martin Schaffner 1477-1546 German Painter 
Mabuse 1478-1532 Flemish PainterNeptune and Amphitrite, 1516
Art Prints
Albrecht Altdorfer 1480-1538 German PainterMartyrdom of Saint Florian
Art Prints
Leonhard Beck 1480-1542 German Painter 
Jan Wellens de Cock 1480-1527 Netherlandish Painter 
Jean Hey 1480-1500 Flemish PainterJean Hey: Anne of France
Art Prints
Hans Maler zu Schwaz 1480-1529 German PainterPortrait Of A Gentleman, Bust Length
Art Prints
Master LCz 1480-1505 German Printmaker 
Master of the Aix-en-Chapel Altarpiece 1480-1520 Flemish Painter 
Master of the Saint Bartholomew Altarpiece 1480-1510 Netherlandish Painter 
Conrad Meit 1480-1550 German Sculptor 
Jorg Ratgeb 1480-1526 German Painter 
Hans Leonhard Schaufelein 1480-1540 German PainterNativity
Art Prints
Dirk Vellert 1480-1547 Flemish Painter 
Wenzel von Olmutz 1481-1497 German Printmaker 
Second Gouda Woodcutter 1482-1484 Dutch 
Simon Bening 1483-1561 Flemish Manuscript IlluminatorApril Leaf from a Calendar Book of Hours
Art Prints
Hans Baldung Grien 1484-1545 German Painter/PrintmakerThe Flood, 1516
Art Prints
Niklaus Manuel 1484-1530 Swiss PainterSt. Thomas Aquinas and Louis IX
Art Prints
Joos van Cleve 1485-1540 Flemish PainterThe Virgin And Child Enthroned
Art Prints
Jean Duvet 1485-1561 French Engraver 
Urs Graf 1485-1529 Swiss EngraverSoldier with a Lance, 1514
Art Prints
Master of the View of Sainte Gudule 1485 Netherlandish Painter 
Joachim Patinir 1485-1524 Flemish PainterThe Feeding of the Five Thousand
Art Prints
Peter Vischer the Younger 1487-1528 German Sculptor 
Bernaert van Orley 1488-1541 Flemish PainterPortrait of Charles V
Art Prints
Wolf Huber 1490-1553 German PainterHead Study, 1522
Art Prints
Pieter Cornelisz. Kunst 1490-1560 Netherlandish Painter 
Master of Hoogstraeten 1490-1530 Flemish Painter 
Master of the Khanenko Adoration 1490-1500 Flemish Painter 
Marinus van Reymerswaele 1490-1567 Flemish PainterThe Moneylender and His Wife
Art Prints
Barthel Bruyn the Elder 1493-1555 German PainterBarthel Bruyn: Counsellor Arnold Von Brauweiler, 1535
Art Prints
Josse Lieferinxe 1493-1508 Flemish PainterCalvary
Art Prints
Ambrosius Holbein 1494-1519 German PainterPortrait of a Man
Art Prints
Lucas van Leyden 1494-1533 Dutch PainterThe Engagement
Art Prints
Ambrosius Benson 1495-1550 Flemish PainterThe Concert after the Meal
Art Prints
Jan van Scorel 1495-1562 Dutch PainterRuth and Naomi in the field of Boaz
Art Prints
Hans Holbein the Younger 1497-1543 German PainterPortrait of Henry VIII, aged 49
Art Prints
Dirck Jacobsz 1497-1567 Flemish Painter 
Lancelot Blondeel 1498-1561 Flemish PainterThe Legend of St. Bertin
Art Prints
Maerten van Heemskerck 1498-1574 Dutch PainterAntique Bullfighting, 1552
Art Prints
Mathias Zundt 1498-1572 German Sculptor 
Johan Stephen von Calcar 1499-1546 German PainterPortrait of a man with a ginger beard
Art Prints
Michiel van Coxcie 1499-1592 Flemish PainterThe Death of Abel
Art Prints
Jan van Amstel 1500-1540 Flemish Painter 
Hans Sebald Beham 1500-1550 German EngraverBeham: The Story of David
Art Prints
Jacob Binck 1500-1569 German Painter 
Pieter Claeissens I 1500-1575 Flemish Painter 
Corneille de Lyon 1500-1575 Dutch/French PainterMadeleine de France, Queen of Scotland
Art Prints
Lucas Gassel 1500-1570 Flemish PainterThe Parable of the Wheat and the Tares
Art Prints
Adriaen Isenbrant 1500-1551 Flemish PainterTriptych with St. Jerome, St. Catherine and Mary Magdalene
Art Prints
Jan Mandyn 1500-1560 Dutch PainterThe Temptation of St. Anthony
Art Prints
Master of the Joseph Legend 1500 Flemish Painter 
Georg Pencz 1500-1550 German PainterPortrait of a Man
Art Prints
Jan Vermeyen 1500-1559 Dutch PainterCampaign of Emperor Charles V against the Turks
Art Prints
Pieter Coecke van Aelst 1502-1550 Flemish PainterDescent of the Holy Ghost
Art Prints
Heinrich Aldegrever 1502-1555 German EngraverThe Society of Anabaptists
Art Prints
Barthel Beham 1502-1540 German EngraverVanitas
Art Prints
Pedro de Campana 1503-1580 Flemish/Spanish Painter 
Augustin Hirschvogel 1503-1553 German Engraver 
Lambert Lombard 1505-1566 Flemish Painter 
Master S. 1505-1554 Flemish Engraver 
Pieter Aertsen 1508-1575 Dutch PainterVanitas still life (Christ with Mary and Martha), 1552
Art Prints
Hieronymus Cock 1510-1570 Flemish Engraver 
Henry Met de Bles 1510-1550 Flemish PainterThe Inferno
Art Prints
Levina Teerlinc 1510-1576 Flemish Miniaturist 
Cornelis Floris 1514-1575 Flemish Sculptor 
Lucas Cranach the Younger 1515-1586 German PainterMartin Luther and Philip Melanchthon
Art Prints
Frans Floris 1516-1570 Flemish PainterThe Falconer's Wife
Art Prints
Dirck Volkertszoon Coornhert 1522-1590 Dutch Engraver 
Crispin van den Broeck 1523-1591 Flemish Painter 
Pieter Pourbus 1523-1584 Flemish PainterThe Prodigal Son with the Courtesans
Art Prints
Jan van der Straet 1523-1605 Flemish PainterEquus Hispanus
Art Prints
Pieter Bruegel the Elder 1525-1569 Flemish PainterPieter Bruegel: Wedding Dance
Art Prints
Theodor de Bry 1527-1598 Flemish Designer/EngraverIndian Woman and Young Girl
Art Prints
Caterina van Hemessen 1527-1587 Flemish Painter 
Nicolas Neufchatel 1527-1590 Flemish/German PainterJohann I Neudorfer and His Son, 1561
Art Prints
Hans Vredeman de Vries 1527-1606 Dutch PainterGarden
Art Prints
Pieter van Der Heyden 1530-1575 Flemish Engraver 
Jacques Jonghelinck 1530-1606 Flemish Sculptor 
Master of Female Half-Lengths 1530-1540 Dutch PainterThe Concert
Art Prints
Guilielmus Paludanus 1530-1579 Flemish Sculptor 
Peter Strub the Younger 1530-1543 German PainterThe Annunciation
Art Prints
Lucas van Valckenborch 1530-1597 Flemish PainterAn Allegory of Summer
Art Prints
Johan Gregor van der Schardt 1530-1580 Dutch Sculptor 
Jacques de Gheyn 1532-1582 Dutch MiniaturistJacques de Gheyn: 17th Century Fusiliers
Art Prints
Dirck Barendsz. 1534-1592 Dutch Painter 
Joachim Beuckelaer 1534-1574 Flemish PainterCountry Celebration, 1563
Art Prints
Hans Bol 1534-1593 Flemish PainterHans Bol: The Good Samaritan
Art Prints
Gillis Mostaert 1534-1598 Flemish PainterThe Haywain, Allegory of the Vanity of the World
Art Prints
Marten van Valckenborch 1534-1612 Flemish PainterParable of the Labourers in the Vineyard
Art Prints
Philip Galle 1537-1612 Flemish EngraverNavigation by Reference from the Sun
Art Prints
Gillis Congnet 1538-1599 Flemish Painter 
Denys Calvaert 1540-1619 Flemish PainterSaint Cecilia
Art Prints
Hans Eworth 1540-1573 Flemish PainterLady Mary Neville and her son Gregory Fiennes
Art Prints
Frans Francken I 1542-1616 Flemish PainterThe Charity of St. Cosmas and St. Damian (detail)
Art Prints
Joris Hoefnagel 1542-1600 Flemish Manuscript IlluminatorA Fete at Bermondsey
Art Prints
Steven van der Meulen 1543-1568 Flemish PainterElizabeth Fitzgerald, Countess of Lincoln, 1560
Art Prints
Gillis van Coninxloo 1544-1607 Flemish Painter 
Adriaen Thomas Key 1544-1590 Flemish PainterPortrait of Philips van Montmorency, Count of Hoorne
Art Prints
Pieter Van Der Borcht 1545-1608 Flemish Painter 
Frans Pourbus the Elder 1545-1581 Flemish PainterSermon of St. John the Baptist
Art Prints
Nicholas Hilliard 1547-1619 English MiniaturistSir Francis Drake, 1581
Art Prints
Cornelis Ketel 1548-1616 Flemish Painter 
Jan Sadeler I 1550-1600 Flemish EngraverCelebration Scene, 1588
Art Prints
Lodewyk Toeput 1550-1605 Flemish PainterThe Miraculous Draught of Fish
Art Prints
Jacob de Backer 1555-1585 Flemish PainterVenus and Cupid
Art Prints
Pieter Bruegel the Younger 1564-1638 Flemish PainterThe Wedding Dance, 1607
Art Prints
Frederik van Valckenborch 1570-1623 Flemish PainterFruitmarket (Summer)
Art Prints
Gillis van Valckenborch 1570-1622 Flemish Painter 
Roelandt Savery 1576-1639 Flemish PainterBoar Hunt
Art Prints

 
 
 




 
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