Artcyclopedia

Artists by Movement:
Romanticism

Late 18th Century to Mid 19th Century


Romanticism might best be described as anticlassicism. A reaction against Neoclassicism, it is a deeply-felt style which is individualistic, exotic, beautiful and emotionally wrought.

Although Romanticism and Neoclassicism were philosophically opposed, they were the dominant European styles for generations, and many artists were affected to a lesser or greater degree by both. Artists might work in both styles at different times or even combine elements, creating an intellectually Romantic work using a Neoclassical visual style, for example.

Great artists closely associated with Romanticism include Caspar David Friedrich, John Constable, J.M.W. Turner and William Blake.
 
In the North America, the leading Romantic movement was the Hudson River School of dramatic landscape painting.

Obvious successors of Romanticism include the Pre-Raphaelite movement and the Symbolist painters. But Impressionism, and through it almost all of 20th century art, is also firmly rooted in the individualism of the Romantic tradition.
        

 
 
Chronological Listing of Romantic Artists
 
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Richard Wilson 1713-1782 Welsh PainterView of the River Dee, c.1761
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George Stubbs 1724-1806 English PainterStubbs: Zebra
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Thomas Gainsborough 1727-1788 English PainterThomas Gainsborough: The Morning Walk
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Sawrey Gilpin 1733-1807 English Painter 
Joseph Wright of Derby 1734-1797 English PainterWright of Derby: The Iron Forge
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John Henry Fuseli 1741-1825 Swiss/British PainterThe Nightmare
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Francisco de Goya 1746-1828 Spanish Painter/PrintmakerDuel with Clubs
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John Robert Cozens 1752-1797 English PainterChamonix and Martigny
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Antoine Berjon 1754-1843 French PainterRoses et Autres Fleurs, 1819
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Sir Henry Raeburn 1756-1823 Scottish PainterThe Paterson Children
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William Blake 1757-1827 British Writer/Painter/IllustratorWilliam Blake: Ancient of Days
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Marguerite Gerard 1761-1837 French PainterLa Duchesse Abrantes et le General Junot
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John Crome 1768-1821 English PainterShepherd and His Dog Watching over a Flock of Sheep
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James Ward 1769-1859 English PainterMarengo
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Antoine-Jean Gros 1771-1835 French PainterAllegory of the Republic
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Caspar David Friedrich 1774-1840 German PainterThe Wanderer above the Sea of Fog, 1818
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Thomas Girtin 1775-1802 English PainterRainbow on the Exe
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Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775-1851 English PainterFighting Temeraire
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John Constable 1776-1837 English PainterOn The Thames Near Battersea Bridge
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Vasilii Andreevich Tropinin 1776-1857 Russian PainterWoman at her Window, 1841
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Philippe Otto Runge 1777-1810 German PainterMorning
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Washington Allston 1779-1843 American Painter 
John Sell Cotman 1782-1842 English PainterThe Mill
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Francois Rude 1784-1855 French SculptorHead from La Marseillaise
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Benjamin Robert Haydon 1786-1846 English PainterPortrait of William Wordsworth 1842
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William Mulready 1786-1863 Irish PainterGiving a bite
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Pierre Jean David d'Angers 1788-1856 French SculptorThe Death of Achilles, 1811
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Johan Christian Dahl 1788-1857 Norwegian PainterThe Neapolitan Coast With Vesuvius Erupting
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Franz Pforr 1788-1812 German Painter 
Wilhelm von Schadow 1788-1862 German Painter 
Carl Gustav Carus 1789-1869 German PainterGoethe Monument
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John Martin 1789-1854 English PainterSatan presiding at the Infernal Council
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Louis-Charles-Auguste Couder 1790-1873 French PainterSiege of Yorktown, 17th October 1781, 1836
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Theodore Gericault 1791-1824 French PainterTheodore Gericault: Raft of the Medusa
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Francesco Hayez 1791-1882 Italian PainterHayez: The Kiss
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Sil'vestr Feodosievich Shchedrin 1791-1830 Russian PainterView of Sorrento, Near Naples
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Nicolas-Toussaint Charlet 1792-1845 French PainterCafe Jacqmotte
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John Linnell 1792-1882 English PainterFour Poster Bed, in the Chinese style
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Ferdinand Georg Waldmuller 1793-1865 Austrian PainterYoung Women Reading a Letter, 1841
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Antoine-Louis Barye 1795-1875 French Sculptor/PainterTwo Jaguars from Peru
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Carl Blechen 1798-1840 German PainterCarl Blechen: Interior of a Palm House
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Eugene Delacroix 1798-1863 French PainterDelacroix: Frightened Horse
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Karl Briullov 1799-1852 Russian PainterNoon in Italy
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John Quidor 1801-1881 American Painter 
Richard Parkes Bonington 1802-1828 English PainterSelf Portrait
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Theodore Gudin 1802-1880 French PainterThe Capture of the Fort of Saint-Jean-d'Ulloa in 1838
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Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps 1803-1860 French PainterThe Desert Ride, 1839
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Adrian Ludwig Richter 1803-1884 German PainterThe Emperor Otto I Consolidates His Empire
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Moritz Von Schwind 1804-1871 Austrian PainterSchubert at the piano among his friends
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Samuel Palmer 1805-1881 English PainterThe Water-Organ, Tivoli
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Antoine Etex 1808-1888 French Sculptor/Painter 
Carl Friedrich Lessing 1808-1880 German PainterMartin Luther Burning The Papal Bull
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Auguste Preault 1809-1879 French SculptorAuguste Preault: Silence, 1848
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Louis Gallait 1810-1887 Belgian PainterThe Plague of Tournai in 1095, 1883
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Theodor von Holst 1810-1844 English PainterIllustration from 'Frankenstein' by Mary Shelley
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Wouterus Verschuur 1812-1874 Dutch PainterGrooming the Horses
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Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze 1816-1868 German/American PainterFounding of the Colony of Maryland
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William Rimmer 1816-1879 English/American Painter/Sculptor 
Theodore Chasseriau 1819-1856 French PainterAndromeda Tied to the Rock by the Nereids
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John Ruskin 1819-1900 English Writer/PainterEtna From Taormina
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Eugene Fromentin 1820-1876 French Painter/WriterThe Land of Thirst
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Marcus Larson 1825-1864 Swedish PainterMountain Torrent, Smaland
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John Quincy Adams Ward 1830-1910 American Sculptor 
Gustave Dore 1832-1883 French IllustratorGustave Dore: Don Quixote in his Library
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Hans von Marees 1837-1887 German PainterLes Ages de la Vie
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