Artcyclopedia

Artists by Movement:
Romanticism

Late 18th Century to Mid 19th Century


Romanticism might best be described as anticlassicism. A reaction against Neoclassicism, it is a deeply-felt style which is individualistic, exotic, beautiful and emotionally wrought.

Although Romanticism and Neoclassicism were philosophically opposed, they were the dominant European styles for generations, and many artists were affected to a lesser or greater degree by both. Artists might work in both styles at different times or even combine elements, creating an intellectually Romantic work using a Neoclassical visual style, for example.

Great artists closely associated with Romanticism include Caspar David Friedrich, John Constable, J.M.W. Turner and William Blake.
 
In the North America, the leading Romantic movement was the Hudson River School of dramatic landscape painting.

Obvious successors of Romanticism include the Pre-Raphaelite movement and the Symbolist painters. But Impressionism, and through it almost all of 20th century art, is also firmly rooted in the individualism of the Romantic tradition.
        

 
 
Chronological Listing of Romantic Artists
 
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Richard Wilson 1713-1782 Welsh Painter
View of the River Dee, c.1761
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George Stubbs 1724-1806 English Painter
Stubbs: Zebra
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Thomas Gainsborough 1727-1788 English Painter
Thomas Gainsborough: The Morning Walk
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Sawrey Gilpin 1733-1807 English Painter
 
Joseph Wright of Derby 1734-1797 English Painter
Wright of Derby: The Iron Forge
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John Henry Fuseli 1741-1825 Swiss/British Painter
The Nightmare
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Francisco de Goya 1746-1828 Spanish Painter/Printmaker
Duel with Clubs
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John Robert Cozens 1752-1797 English Painter
Chamonix and Martigny
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Antoine Berjon 1754-1843 French Painter
Roses et Autres Fleurs, 1819
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Sir Henry Raeburn 1756-1823 Scottish Painter
The Paterson Children
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William Blake 1757-1827 British Writer/Painter/Illustrator
William Blake: Ancient of Days
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Marguerite Gerard 1761-1837 French Painter
La Duchesse Abrantes et le General Junot
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John Crome 1768-1821 English Painter
Shepherd and His Dog Watching over a Flock of Sheep
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James Ward 1769-1859 English Painter
Marengo
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Antoine-Jean Gros 1771-1835 French Painter
Allegory of the Republic
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Caspar David Friedrich 1774-1840 German Painter
The Wanderer above the Sea of Fog, 1818
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Thomas Girtin 1775-1802 English Painter
Rainbow on the Exe
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Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775-1851 English Painter
Fighting Temeraire
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John Constable 1776-1837 English Painter
On The Thames Near Battersea Bridge
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Vasilii Andreevich Tropinin 1776-1857 Russian Painter
Woman at her Window, 1841
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Philippe Otto Runge 1777-1810 German Painter
Morning
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Washington Allston 1779-1843 American Painter
 
John Sell Cotman 1782-1842 English Painter
The Mill
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Francois Rude 1784-1855 French Sculptor
Head from La Marseillaise
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Benjamin Robert Haydon 1786-1846 English Painter
Portrait of William Wordsworth 1842
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William Mulready 1786-1863 Irish Painter
Giving a bite
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Pierre Jean David d'Angers 1788-1856 French Sculptor
The Death of Achilles, 1811
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Johan Christian Dahl 1788-1857 Norwegian Painter
The Neapolitan Coast With Vesuvius Erupting
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Franz Pforr 1788-1812 German Painter
 
Wilhelm von Schadow 1788-1862 German Painter
 
Carl Gustav Carus 1789-1869 German Painter
Goethe Monument
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John Martin 1789-1854 English Painter
Satan presiding at the Infernal Council
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Louis-Charles-Auguste Couder 1790-1873 French Painter
Siege of Yorktown, 17th October 1781, 1836
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Theodore Gericault 1791-1824 French Painter
Theodore Gericault: Raft of the Medusa
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Francesco Hayez 1791-1882 Italian Painter
Hayez: The Kiss
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Sil'vestr Feodosievich Shchedrin 1791-1830 Russian Painter
View of Sorrento, Near Naples
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Nicolas-Toussaint Charlet 1792-1845 French Painter
Cafe Jacqmotte
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John Linnell 1792-1882 English Painter
Four Poster Bed, in the Chinese style
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Ferdinand Georg Waldmuller 1793-1865 Austrian Painter
Young Women Reading a Letter, 1841
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Antoine-Louis Barye 1795-1875 French Sculptor/Painter
Two Jaguars from Peru
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Carl Blechen 1798-1840 German Painter
Carl Blechen: Interior of a Palm House
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Eugene Delacroix 1798-1863 French Painter
Delacroix: Frightened Horse
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Karl Briullov 1799-1852 Russian Painter
Noon in Italy
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John Quidor 1801-1881 American Painter
 
Richard Parkes Bonington 1802-1828 English Painter
Self Portrait
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Theodore Gudin 1802-1880 French Painter
The Capture of the Fort of Saint-Jean-d'Ulloa in 1838
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Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps 1803-1860 French Painter
The Desert Ride, 1839
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Adrian Ludwig Richter 1803-1884 German Painter
The Emperor Otto I Consolidates His Empire
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Moritz Von Schwind 1804-1871 Austrian Painter
Schubert at the piano among his friends
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Samuel Palmer 1805-1881 English Painter
The Water-Organ, Tivoli
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Antoine Etex 1808-1888 French Sculptor/Painter
 
Carl Friedrich Lessing 1808-1880 German Painter
Martin Luther Burning The Papal Bull
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Auguste Preault 1809-1879 French Sculptor
Auguste Preault: Silence, 1848
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Louis Gallait 1810-1887 Belgian Painter
The Plague of Tournai in 1095, 1883
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Theodor von Holst 1810-1844 English Painter
Illustration from 'Frankenstein' by Mary Shelley
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Wouterus Verschuur 1812-1874 Dutch Painter
Grooming the Horses
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Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze 1816-1868 German/American Painter
Founding of the Colony of Maryland
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William Rimmer 1816-1879 English/American Painter/Sculptor
 
Theodore Chasseriau 1819-1856 French Painter
Andromeda Tied to the Rock by the Nereids
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John Ruskin 1819-1900 English Writer/Painter
Etna From Taormina
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Eugene Fromentin 1820-1876 French Painter/Writer
The Land of Thirst
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Marcus Larson 1825-1864 Swedish Painter
Mountain Torrent, Smaland
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John Quincy Adams Ward 1830-1910 American Sculptor
 
Gustave Dore 1832-1883 French Illustrator
Gustave Dore: Don Quixote in his Library
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Hans von Marees 1837-1887 German Painter
Les Ages de la Vie
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